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Black code : surveillance, privacy, and the dark side of the Internet / Ronald J. Deibert. Toronto : Signal, 2013. 320pp. Main Library HM851 .D445 2013 : In 2009, a group of digital technology experts at the Citizen Lab uncovered an espionage network affecting more than 100 countries and targeting ministries of foreign affairs, embassies, international organizations, and media outlets. The investigation was but one example of a contest for the future of cyberspace that was becoming more intense with each passing year. n Black Code , political scientist and digital technology and security expert Ronald Deibert describes how a fight by malign forces is threatening to transform the domain upon which we all depend. Drawing on the first-hand experiences of the Citizen Lab, Deibert examines the multiplying forms of control hidden deep beneath the surface of the Net; the lucrative and ominous business of Big Data; and the powerful influence of he next billion Digital Natives, and in doing so poses urgent questions about privacy, democracy, and security. Compelling and timely, and including new commentary on the National Security Agency revelations, Black Code is a wakeup call to everyone who has come to take the Internet for granted."
The culture of surveillance : discipline and social control in the United States / William G. Staples. New York, NY : St. Martin's Press, c1997. 144pp. Main Library HN59.2 .S718 1997 : This intriguing look at insidious, common ways in which people are monitored and controlled in everyday life, raises provocative questions about freedom, privacy, and the power of state and private organizations. It contends that we are witnessing a movement from exceptional punishment of the individual offender to generalized surveillance of us all.
Dragnet nation : a quest for privacy, security, and freedom in a world of relentless surveillance / Julia Angwin. New York : Times Books, Henry Holt and Company,  289pp. Main Library JC596 .A54 2014 : We see online ads from websites we've visited, long after we've moved on to other interests. Our smartphones and cars transmit our location, enabling us to know what's in the neighborhood but also enabling others to track us. And the federal government, we recently learned, has been conducting a massive data-gathering surveillance operation across the Internet and on our phone lines.... In Dragnet Nation, award-winning investigative journalist Julia Angwin reports from the front lines of America's surveillance economy, offering a revelatory and unsettling look at how the government, private companies, and even criminals use technology to indiscriminately sweep up vast amounts of our personal data. In a world where we can be watched in our own homes, where we can no longer keep secrets, and where we can be impersonated, financially manipulated, or even placed in a police lineup, Angwin argues that the greatest long-term danger is that we start to internalize the surveillance and censor our words and thoughts, until we lose the very freedom that makes us unique individuals. Appalled at such a prospect, Angwin conducts a series of experiments to try to protect herself, ranging from quitting Google to carrying a "burner" phone, showing how difficult it is for an average citizen to resist the dragnets' reach. Her book is a cautionary tale for all of us, with profound implications for our values, our society, and our very selves.
Everyday surveillance : vigilance and visibility in postmodern life / William G. Staples. Lanham : Rowman & Littlefield,  2nd edition, 255pp. Main Library HN59.2 .S698 2014 :When we think of surveillance in our society, we usually imagine “Big Brother” scenarios with the government tracking our every move. The actual surveillance of our everyday lives is much more subtle, however, and may be more insidious. William G. Staples shows how our lives are tracked by both public and private organizations—sometimes with our consent, and sometimes without—through our internet use, cell phones, public video cameras, credit cards, license plates, shopping habits, and more. Everyday Surveillance is a provocative exploration of the myriad ways we are watched each day, and how this surveillance shapes our lives. Thoroughly revised, the second edition considers new topics, such as the rise of social media, and updates research throughout. Everyday Surveillance introduces students to concepts of social control and incites classroom discussion about how surveillance impacts the ways we understand people and our lives at home, work, school, or in the community.
Internet and surveillance : the challenges of Web 2.0 and social media / edited by Christian Fuchs ... [et al.] New York : Routledge, 2012. 331pp. Main Library HM851 .I5696 2012 : The Internet has been transformed in the past years from a system primarily oriented on information provision into a medium for communication and community-building. The notion of "Web 2.0", social software, and social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter and MySpace have emerged in this context. With such platforms comes the massive provision and storage of personal data that are systematically evaluated, marketed, and used for targeting users with advertising. In a world of global economic competition, economic crisis, and fear of terrorism after 9/11, both corporations and state institutions have a growing interest in accessing this personal data. Here, contributors explore this changing landscape by addressing topics such as commercial data collection by advertising, consumer sites and interactive media; self-disclosure in the social web; surveillance of file-sharers; privacy in the age of the internet; civil watch-surveillance on social networking sites; and networked interactive surveillance in transnational space. This book is a result of a research action launched by the intergovernmental network COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology).
Liberty and security in a changing world [electronic resource] : report and recommendations of the President's Review Group on Intelligence and Communications Technologies. [Washington, D.C. : Office of the Director of National Intelligence?], 2013. 304pp. NSA Report PR 44.2:L 61/SE 2 Online : This is the official report that is helping shape the international debate about the unprecedented surveillance activities of the National Security Agency. Commissioned by President Obama following disclosures by former NSA contractor Edward J. Snowden, and written by a preeminent group of intelligence and legal experts, the report examines the extent of NSA programs and calls for dozens of urgent and practical reforms.
Mass surveillance and state control : the total information awareness project / Elliot D. Cohen. New York : Palgrave Macmillan, c2010. 252pp. Main Library JC596.2.U5 C64 2010 : A global system of mass, warrantless, government surveillance now imperils privacy and other civil liberties essential to sustaining the free world. This project to unilaterally, totally control information flow is a product of complex, ongoing interplay between technological, political, legal, corporate, economic, and social factors, including research and development of advanced, digital technologies; an unremitting "war on terror"; relaxed surveillance laws; government alliances with information technology companies; mass media manipulation; and corporate globalism. This book details these and other factors contributing to this degenerative trend; specifies recommendations for constructive change; and provides a platform for grassroots efforts to stop the decline before it is too late.
No place to hide : Edward Snowden, the NSA, and the U.S. surveillance state / Glenn Greenwald. New York : Metropolitan Books, Henry Holt, 2014. 259pp. Main Library JF1525.W45 G74 2014 : "Investigative reporter for The Guardian and bestselling author Glenn Greenwald provides an in-depth look into the NSA scandal that has triggered a national debate over national security and information privacy. With further revelations from documents entrusted to ... Greenwald by Edward Snowden himself, this book explores the extraordinary cooperation between private industry and the NSA, and the far-reaching consequences of the government's surveillance program, both domestically and abroad"
Nothing to hide : the false tradeoff between privacy and security / Daniel J. Solove. New Haven [Conn.] : Yale University Press, c2011. 245pp. KF262 .S656 2011 online Print copy available at Law Library : "If you've got nothing to hide," many people say, "you shouldn't worry about government surveillance." Others argue that we must sacrifice privacy for security. But as Daniel J. Solove argues in this important book, these arguments and many others are flawed. They are based on mistaken views about what it means to protect privacy and the costs and benefits of doing so. The debate between privacy and security has been framed incorrectly as a zero-sum game in which we are forced to choose between one value and the other. Why can't we have both? In this concise and accessible book, Solove exposes the fallacies of many pro-security arguments that have skewed law and policy to favor security at the expense of privacy. Protecting privacy isn't fatal to security measures; it merely involves adequate oversight and regulation. Solove traces the history of the privacy-security debate from the Revolution to the present day. He explains how the law protects privacy and examines concerns with new technologies. He then points out the failings of our current system and offers specific remedies. Nothing to Hide makes a powerful and compelling case for reaching a better balance between privacy and security and reveals why doing so is essential to protect our freedom and democracy.
The open society paradox : why the 21st century calls for more openness-- not less / Dennis Bailey. Wasington, D.C. : Potomac Books, c2004. 229pp. Main Library JC596.2.U5 B35 2004 Also available online : How do we ensure security and, at the same time, safeguard civil liberties? The Open Society Paradox challenges the conventional wisdom of those on both sides of the debate-leaders who want unlimited authority and advocates who would sacrifice security for individual privacy protection. It offers a provocative alternative, suggesting that while the very openness of American society has left the United States vulnerable to today's threats, only more of this quality will make the country safer and enhance its citizens' freedom and mobility. Uniquely qualified to address these issues, Dennis Bailey argues that the solution is not to create a police state that restricts liberties but, paradoxically, to embrace greater openness. Through new technologies that engender transparency, including secure information, biometrics, surveillance, facial recognition, and data mining, society can remove the anonymity of the ill-intentioned while revitalizing the notions of trust and accountability and enhancing freedom for most Americans. He explores the impact of greater transparency on our lives, our relationships, and our liberties. The Open Society Paradox is a brave exploration of how to realign our traditional assumptions about privacy with a twenty-first-century concept of an open society.
The Patriot Act [electronic resource] : issues and controversies / by Cary Stacy Smith and Li-Ching Hung. Springfield, Ill. : C. C. Thomas Publisher, c2010. 262pp. KF4850 .S63 2010 Online : Be sure to check out chapter 5, Grumblings Across the Land. The book focuses on the aspects that have made the Patriot Act (PA) a topic of great concern, especially since the Patriot Act has lost much of its 'power' due to judicial intervention. The life or death of the Act depends upon the behavior of terrorists. The more time that elapses between 9/11 and any new predatory attack will likely mean that the Act will continue to be 'defanged and declawed' until it is completely acceptable by all civil liberties groups. Unequivocally, the Act will lose most of its punch and it depends upon which side of the aisle one agrees with whether that is good or not.
The shadow factory : the ultra-secret NSA from 9/11 to the eavesdropping on America / James Bamford. New York : Doubleday, c2008.395pp. Main Library UB256.U6 B38 2008 : Journalist Bamford exposed the existence of the top-secret National Security Agency in The Puzzle Palace and continued to probe into its workings in his follow-up Body of Secrets. Now Bamford discloses inside, often shocking information about the transformation of the NSA in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks of 2001. He shows how the NSA's failure to detect the presence of two of the 9/11 hijackers inside the United States led the NSA to abandon its long-held policy of spying only on enemies outside the country. Instead, after 9/11 it turned its almost limitless ability to listen in on friend and foe alike over to the Bush Administration to use as a weapon in the war on terror. Bamford details how the agency has conducted domestic surveillance without court approval, and he frames it in the context of the NSA's ongoing hunt for information about today's elusive enemies.
The Snowden files : the inside story of the world's most wanted man / Luke Harding. New York : Vintage Books, 2014. 346pp. JF1525.W45 H37 2014 : It began with a tantalizing, anonymous email. "I am a senor member of the intelligence community." What followed was the most spectacular intelligence breach ever, brought about by one extraordinary man. Edward Snowden was a 29-year-old computer genius working for the National Security Agency when he shocked the world by exposing the near-universal mass surveillance programs of the United States government. His whistleblowing has shaken the leaders of nations worldwide, and generated a passionate public debate on the dangers of global monitoring and the threat to individual privacy. nbsp; In a tour de force of investigative journalism that reads like a spy novel, award-winning Guardian reporter Luke Harding tells Snowden's astonishing story--from the day he left his glamorous girlfriend in Honolulu carrying a hard drive full of secrets, to the weeks of his secret-spilling in Hong Kong, to his battle for asylum and his exile in Moscow. For the first time, Harding brings together the many sources and strands of the story--touching on everything from concerns about domestic spying to the complicity of the tech sector--while also placing us in the room with Edward Snowden himself. The result is a gripping insider narrative--and a necessary and timely account of what is at stake for all of us in the new digital age.
The soft cage : surveillance in America from slavery to the war on terror / Christian Parenti. New York : Basic Books, c2003. 273pp. Main Library HN57 .P35 2003 : On a typical day, you might make a call on a cell phone, withdraw money at an ATM, visit the mall, and make a purchase with a credit card. Each of these routine transactions leaves a digital trail for government agencies and businesses to access. As cutting-edge historian and journalist Christian Parenti points out, these everyday intrusions on privacy, while harmless in themselves, are part of a relentless (and clandestine) expansion of routine surveillance in American life over the last two centuries-from controlling slaves in the old South to implementing early criminal justice and tracking immigrants. Parenti explores the role computers are playing in creating a whole new world of seemingly benign technologies-such as credit cards, website "cookies," and electronic toll collection-that have expanded this trend in the twenty-first century. The Soft Cage offers a compelling, vitally important history lesson for every American concerned about the expansion of surveillance into our public and private lives.
Spying on democracy : government surveillance, corporate power, and public resistance / Heidi Boghosian ; foreword by Lewis Lapham. San Francisco, CA : City Lights Books,  394pp. Main Library HN57 JC599.U5 B555 2013 : "Everyone of us is under the omniscient magnifying glass of the government and corporate spies. . . . How do we respond to this smog of surveillance? Start by reading Spying on Democracy: Government Surveillance, Corporate Power, and Public Resistance by Heidi Boghosian" - Bill Moyers"With ex-CIA staffer Edward Snowden's leaks about National Security Agency surveillance in the headlines, Heidi Boghosian's Spying on Democracy: Government Surveillance, Corporate Power, and Public Resistance feels especially timely. Boghosian reveals how the government acquires information from telecommunications companies and other organizations to create databases about 'persons of interest.'" - Publishers Weekly "Heidi Boghosian's Spying on Democracy is the answer to the question, 'if you're not doing anything wrong, why should you care if someone's watching you?'"-Michael German, Senior Policy Counsel, ACLU and former FBI agentUntil the watershed leak of top-secret documents by Edward Snowden to the Guardian UK and the Washington Post, most Americans did not realize the extent to which our government is actively acquiring personal information from telecommunications companies and other corporations. As made startlingly clear, the National Security Agency (NSA) has collected information on every phone call Americans have made over the past seven years. In that same time, the NSA and the FBI have gained the ability to access emails, photos, audio and video chats, and additional content from Google, Facebook, Yahoo, Microsoft, YouTube, Skype, Apple, and others, allegedly in order to track foreign targets.In Spying on Democracy, National Lawyers Guild Executive Director Heidi Boghosian documents the disturbing increase in surveillance of ordinary citizens and the danger it poses to our privacy, our civil liberties, and to the future of democracy itself. Boghosian reveals how technology is being used to categorize and monitor people based on their associations, their movements, their purchases, and their perceived political beliefs. She shows how corporations and government intelligence agencies mine data from sources as diverse as surveillance cameras and unmanned drones to iris scans and medical records, while combing websites, email, phone records and social media for resale to third parties, including U.S. intelligence agencies.The ACLU's Michael German says of the examples shown in Boghosian's book, "this unrestrained spying is inevitably used tosuppress the most essential tools of democracy: the press, political activists, civil rights advocates and conscientious insiders who blow the whistle on corporate malfeasance and government abuse." Boghosian adds, "If the trend is permitted to continue, we will soon live in a society where nothing is confidential, no information is really secure, and our civil liberties are under constant surveillance and control." Spying on Democracy is a timely, invaluable, and accessible primer for anyone concerned with protecting privacy, freedom, and the U.S. Constitution.
Surveillance after September 11 / David Lyon. Cambridge, UK : Polity ; Malden, MA : Distributed in the USA by Blackwell Pub., 2003. 197pp. Main Library HN57 HN59.2 .L96 2003 : Prominent among the quests for post-9/11 security are developments in surveillance, especially at national borders. These developments are not new, but many of them have been extended and intensified. The result? More and more people and populations are counted as "suspicious" and, at the same time, surveillance techniques become increasingly opaque and secretive. Lyon argues that in the aftermath of 9/11 there have been qualitative changes in the security climate: diverse databases containing personal information are being integrated; biometric identifiers, such as iris scans, are becoming more popular; consumer data are merged with those obtained for policing and intelligence, both nationally and across borders. This all contributes to the creation of ever-widening webs of surveillance. But these systems also sort people into categories for differential treatment, the most obvious case being that of racial profiling. This book assesses the consequences of these trends. Lyon argues that while extraordinary legal measures and high-tech systems are being adopted, promises made on their behalf - that terrorism can be prevented - are hard to justify. Furthermore, intensifying surveillance will have social consequences whose effects could be far-reaching: the undermining of social trust and of democratic participation.
Surveillance or security? : the risks posed by new wiretapping technologies / Susan Landau. Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, c2010. 383pp. Main Library K5102.85 .L36 2010 : Digital communications are the lifeblood of modern society. We "meet up" online, tweet our reactions millions of times a day, connect through social networking rather than in person. Large portions of business and commerce have moved to the Web, and much of our critical infrastructure, including the electric power grid, is controlled online. This reliance on information systems leaves us highly exposed and vulnerable to cyberattack. Despite this, U.S. law enforcement and national security policy remain firmly focused on wiretapping and surveillance. But, as cybersecurity expert Susan Landau argues in Surveillance or Security? , the old surveillance paradigms do not easily fit the new technologies. By embedding eavesdropping mechanisms into communication technology itself, we are building tools that could be turned against us and opting for short-term security and creating dangerous long-term risks. How can we get communications security right? Landau offers a set of principles to govern wiretapping policy that will allow us to protect our national security as well as our freedom.
Surveillance : power, problems, and politics / edited by Sean P. Hier and Josh Greenberg. Vancouver : UBC Press, c2009. 273pp. HM846 .S88 2009 Online : Surveillance is commonly rationalized as a solution for existing problems such as crime and terrorism. This book explores how surveillance, often disguised as risk management or harm reduction, is also at the root of a range of social and political problems. Canadian scholars from diverse disciplines interrogate the moral and ideological bases as well as the material effects of surveillance in policing, consumerism, welfare administration, disaster management, popular culture, moral regulation, news media, social movements, and anti-terrorism campaigns.
The transparent society : will technology force us to choose between privacy and freedom? / David Brin. Reading, Mass. : Addison-Wesley, c1998. 378pp. Main Library JC598 .B75 1998 : In New York and Baltimore, police cameras scan public areas twenty-four hours a day. Huge commercial databases track you finances and sell that information to anyone willing to pay. Host sites on the World Wide Web record every page you view, and "smart" toll roads know where you drive. Every day, new technology nibbles at our privacy.Does that make you nervous? David Brin is worried, but not just about privacy. He fears that society will overreact to these technologies by restricting the flow of information, frantically enforcing a reign of secrecy. Such measures, he warns, won't really preserve our privacy. Governments, the wealthy, criminals, and the techno-elite will still find ways to watch us. But we'll have fewer ways to watch them. We'll lose the key to a free society: accountability. The Transparent Society is a call for "reciprocal transparency." If police cameras watch us, shouldn't we be able to watch police stations? If credit bureaus sell our data, shouldn't we know who buys it? Rather than cling to an illusion of anonymity-a historical anomaly, given our origins in close-knit villages-we should focus on guarding the most important forms of privacy and preserving mutual accountability. The biggest threat to our freedom, Brin warns, is that surveillance technology will be used by too few people, now by too many.A society of glass houses may seem too fragile. Fearing technology-aided crime, governments seek to restrict online anonymity; fearing technology-aided tyranny, citizens call for encrypting all data. Brins shows how, contrary to both approaches, windows offer us much better protection than walls; after all, the strongest deterrent against snooping has always been the fear of being spotted. Furthermore, Brin argues, Western culture now encourages eccentricity-we're programmed to rebel! That gives our society a natural protection against error and wrong-doing, like a body's immune system. But "social T-cells" need openness to spot trouble and get the word out. The Transparent Society is full of such provocative and far-reaching analysis.The inescapable rush of technology is forcing us to make new choices about how we want to live. This daring book reminds us that an open society is more robust and flexible than one where secrecy reigns. In an era of gnat-sized cameras, universal databases, and clothes-penetrating radar, it will be more vital than ever for us to be able to watch the watchers. With reciprocal transparency we can detect dangers early and expose wrong-doers. We can gauge the credibility of pundits and politicians. We can share technological advances and news. But all of these benefits depend on the free, two-way flow of information.
The watchers : the rise of America's surveillance state / Shane Harris. New York : Penguin Press, 2010. 418pp. Main Library HV6432 .H378 2010 : Using exclusive access to key government sources, Shane Harris chronicles the rise of the American surveillance state over the past 25 years and highlights a dangerous paradox: our government's strategy has made it harder to catch terrorists and easier to spy on the rest of us.
Wiretapping and electronic surveillance in America, 1862-1920 / Kerry Segrave. Jefferson, North Carolina : McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers,  223pp. Main Library TK6383 .S44 2014 : "Americans have come to realize that many of us may be under surveillance at any time. It all started 150 years ago on the battlefields of the Civil War, where each side tapped the other's telegraph lines. In 1895 the NYPD began to tap telephone lines. In 1910 the dictograph arrived, making electronic surveillance easier still"
Additional possibilities: Debaters can decide whether they want to order the following items from Amazon.com or request them through interlibrary loan via their public or school libraries later on.
After Snowden : privacy, secrecy, and security in the information age / edited by Ronald Goldfarb. New York : Thomas Dunne Books, 2015. On order : "Was Edward Snowden a patriot or a traitor? Just how far do American privacy rights extend? And how far is too far when it comes to government secrecy in the name of security? These are just a few of the questions that have dominated American consciousness since Edward Snowden exposed the breath of the NSA's domestic surveillance program. In these seven previously unpublished essays, a group of prominent legal and political experts delve in to life After Snowden, examining the ramifications of the infamous leak from multiple angles: Washington lawyer and literary agent Ronald Goldfarb acts as the book's editor and provides an introduction outlining the many debates sparked by the Snowden leaks. Pulitzer Prize winning journalist Barry Siegel analyses the role of the state secrets provision in the judicial system. Former Assistant Secretary of State Hodding Carter explores whether the press is justified in unearthing and publishing classified information. Ethics expert and dean of the UC Berkley School of Journalism Edward Wasserman discusses the uneven relationship between journalists and whistleblowers. Georgetown Law Professor David Cole addresses the motives and complicated legacy of Snowden and other leakers. Director of the National Security Archive Thomas Blanton looks at the impact of the Snowden leaks on the classification of government documents. Dean of the University of Florida Law School Jon Milles addresses the constitutional right to privacy and the difficulties of applying it in the digital age"
More essential than ever : the Fourth Amendment in the twenty-first century / by Stephen J. Schulhofer. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, c2012. 199pp. Online version on order. Print copy available in Law Library : "When the states ratified the Bill of Rights in the eighteenth century, the Fourth Amendment seemed straightforward. It requires that government respect the right of citizens to be 'secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures.' Of course, 'papers and effects' are now digital and thus more vulnerable to government spying. But the biggest threat may be our own weakening resolve to preserve our privacy. In this potent new volume in Oxford's Inalienable Rights series, legal expert Stephen J. Schulhofer argues that the Fourth Amendment remains, as the title says, more essential than ever. From data-mining to airport body scans, drug testing and aggressive police patrolling on the streets, privacy is under assault as never before--and we're simply getting used to it. But the trend is threatening the pillars of democracy itself, Schulhofer maintains. 'Government surveillance may not worry the average citizen who reads best-selling books, practices a widely accepted religion, and adheres to middle-of-the-road political views,' he writes. But surveillance weighs on minorities, dissenters, and unorthodox thinkers, 'chilling their freedom to read what they choose, to say what they think, and to associate with others who are like-minded.' All of us are affected, he adds. 'When unrestricted search and surveillance powers chill speech and religion, inhibit gossip and dampen creativity, they undermine politics and impoverish social life for everyone.' Schulhofer offers a rich account of the history and nuances of Fourth Amendment protections, as he examines such issues as street stops, racial profiling, electronic surveillance, data aggregation, and the demands of national security. The Fourth Amendment, he reminds us, explicitly authorizes invasions of privacy--but it requires justification and accountability, requirements that reconcile public safety with liberty.Combining a detailed knowledge of specific cases with a deep grasp of Constitutional law, More Essential than Ever offers a sophisticated and thoughtful perspective on this important debate"
Privacy in the age of big data : recognizing threats, defending your rights, and protecting your family / Theresa M. Payton and Theodore Claypoole ; foreword by the Honorable Howard A. Schmidt. Lanham ; Boulder ; New York ; Toronto ; Plymouth, UK : Rowman & Littlefield,  259pp. On order : Privacy in the Age of Big Data highlights the many positive outcomes of digital surveillance and data collection, while also outlining those forms of data collection to which we do not always consent, and of which we are likely unaware, as well as the dangers inherent in such surveillance and tracking. Theresa M. Payton and Theodore Claypoole skillfully introduce readers to the many ways we are "watched" and how to change behaviors and activities to recapture and regain more of our privacy.