1. Which of the following is a correct pairing of non-thrusting osteopathic treatments and their desired effects?
a. Rib raising articulates each rib to improve rib cage motion and stimulate the parasympathetic chain ganglia.
b. Suboccipital decompression uses traction to increase flexion at the occipitoatlantal and atlantoaxial joints, improving function by releasing tension around the vagas nerves.
c. Soft tissue techniques use massage, stretching and kneading to apply direct stimulatory pressure that will relax the musculature.
d. Pedal pump is used to rock the patient in a superior-inferior motion to stimulate lymphatic drainage.
e. Doming the diaphragm and thoracic inlet release use rapid removal of the of the hands from the chest during deep inhalation to stimulate lymphatic drainage.
2. According to Noll et al, the results of MOPSE supported which of the following statements regarding the efficacy of OMT in the inpatient setting?
a. Hospital length of stay increased with the use of OMT.
b. By PP analysis, the decreased death rate among patients receiving OMT was not statistically significant, because 0.006 is less than 0.05.
c. Patients receiving OMT required shorter duration antibiotic therapy than patients receiving Conventional Care Only, but required more than those who had sham (Light Touch) therapy.
d. Patients with Pneumonia, while they reported lower pain levels on a Likert scale, were more likely to die after receiving OMT.
e. Patients who did not receive OMT were more likely to have poor outcomes, including shorter lengths of stay, shorter intravenous antibiotic courses, and decreased probability of death.