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Michigan State University

NSC 100 & NSC 200 (Drew Scholars): Is it Academic/Scholarly or Peer-reviewed?

What is peer review?

How do articles get peer reviewed? What role does peer review play in scholarly research and publication?

How do I tell if an article is peer reviewed?

Scholarly Journals:

  • Have a serious appearance. May include tables, graphs or pictures to accompany research.
  • Little or no advertising.
  • The words "Journal," "Transactions," "Proceedings," or "Quarterly," may appear in the title.
  • Written for professors, students or researchers.
  • Signed by the authors.
  • Articles are reviewed by a board of experts or "peer reviewed."
  • Follow a format: abstract, literature review, methodology, results, conclusion, possibly footnotes, endnotes and/or bibliography.

What does peer-reviewed mean?

Peer-reviewed articles, often called scholarly or refereed, are articles that are critiqued by impartial reviewers prior to publication. The reviewers are often anonymous and are considered experts in the field that the article/journal is published in. Reviewers are asked to judge the quality of the article by addressing the validity of the research, whether or not the methods chosen address the question(s) asked, and the accuracy of the data. If an article does not meet standards set by the journal it is usually sent back for revisions or is rejected for publication.

Some common characteristics of peer-reviewed articles are:

  • Publication in a journal published by a scholarly society, professional association, or academic press.
  • Based on original research or offer a critical analysis of research performed by authorities in the field.
  • Charts, diagrams, and/or tables showing data or results of experiments are included.
  • A list of references or sources is provided at the end.
  • Language used often contains specialized vocabulary and uses terms or concepts specific to a particular discipline or field of study.
  • Often highly structured and contains an abstract, introduction with literature review, methods, results, discussion, and conclusion.

An article that meets one or more of the above criteria is likely to be peer-reviewed, however non-peer-reviewed resources may also have some of these traits. One example common in the animal science discipline is extension publications - while scientific in nature these often do not go under reviewed before being published and disseminated.  

The easiest way to locate a journal is to search the MSU libraries' online catalog

You can check to see if the journal your article is from is Academic/Scholarly and/or Peer-reviewed by using the Index - Ulrichsweb.com, (Remember there are only 5 simultaneous users, so if you can't access the index try again later).

From the library's home page, http://www.lib.msu.edu click on E-Resources under Quick Links. Under Find Other E-Resources, type in Ulrichsweb and click the GO button.

Then click the Ulrichsweb.com link. Or just click the title link above.

Under "Quick Search" choose "Title" then enter the title of the journal (NOT the title of the article) into the box. Click the "Submit" button.

On the "Search Results" page click on the title of the journal.

Under the heading Document type: it should have Academic/Scholarly.

Under Refereed: it should have Yes.

If a journal is not peer-reviewed it will not have the heading Refereed at all.

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