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Michigan State University

Forestry Research Guide: Historic Research

This is a guide to resources in the study of Forestry.

Dendrology: the scientific study of trees

Silviculture: the growing and cultivation of trees. from The New Oxford American Dictionary, 2nd. Erin McKean. Oxford University Press, 2005

Introduction

This page provides links to historic US Census data and other sources of data on the American lumber and sawmill industies. Most of this information was originally issued as part of the Population and Housing Census, then later as part of the Manufacturing, Selected Industry Series of the Census.

Page Contents
Census Data
Forest Service Documents
Books, Articles

Census Data

General information:

Census of Manufacturing, Industry series, Industry 24 is Lumber and sawmills, etc.
The volumes have a table of the number of sawmills by state for the number of all sawmills, and the number of those with 20 or more employees.
The table is consistently TABLE 24A-8.
Location of the MSU Library volumes: 3W-Census Alcove.  Call no: C3.24:[year]

Census links in chronological order:

1880 - Tenth Census of the United States.
Volume 2. Report on the Manufactures of the United States embracing general statistics and monographs
Table 7, 9. Lumber sawed: p. 454 [9 of 30]  http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1880a_v2-02.pdf
For in-text remarks, incuding the mention of lumber production in Michigan by name, see page xix [pdf pgae 15 of 45] on http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1880a_v2-02.pdf

Of possible related interest: Volume 9. Report on the Forests of North America (Exclusive of Mexico) -
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1880a_v9-01.pdf

1890 - Eleventh Census of the United States
Volume 6: Report on Manufacturing Industries in the United States, Part 3: Selected Industries
[left side] Forest Industries: http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1890a_v6p3-01.pdf

1900 - Twelfth Census of the United States
Census Reports Volume VII-Manufactures – Part I -
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/05457254v7_TOC.pdf

6 - General Tables: Specified Industries – United States by States, p.24+ [of the pdf file, not the actual page nuber]
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/05457254v7ch06.pdf
  

12 - Industry Groups by States and Territories, general stats, p. 5 [472 of the document].  Michigan, p. 24 / 491. 37+ / 505+.
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/05457254v7ch06.pdf

Census Reports Volume IX – Manufactures Part III, Special Reports on Selected Industries - #7: Lumber-Clay Products
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/05457254v9ch7.pdf 
TOC page: http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/05457254v9_TOC.pdf
Bulletin 77, Lumber and Timber Products / By United States. Bureau of the Census, United States. Census Office. 12th Census, 1900
http://books.google.com/books?id=aygUAQAAMAAJ&lpg=RA7-PA14&ots=M5NV2LmgTi&dq=%22Logging%20camps%2C%20sawmills%2C%20and%20planing%20mills%22&pg=RA7-PA1#v=onepage&q=%22Logging%20camps,%20sawmills,%20and%20planing%20mills%22&f=false

1910 Thirteenth Census Of The United States
V. 10 Manufactures - 3 - Slaughtering and Meat Packing [Sugar industry, Lumber industry], 84+/487+
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/41033925v10ch3.pdf

1920  Fourteenth Census of the United States
Volume X, Manufactures, 1919, Reports for SelectedIndustries -
TOC page  http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/06229683v10_TOC.pdf
5 - Lumber and its Remanufactures, full 73 page document
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/06229683v10ch05.pdf

Michigan, lumber - 149/152 http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/06229686v20-25ch1.pdf

1924 Biennial census of manufactures
Business & Economics - 663 pages
Group 4 - Lumber and its remanufacturers
http://books.google.com/books?id=fZXtAAAAMAAJ&dq=%22United%20States%22%20%22census%20of%20manufactures%22%20logging&pg=PA474#v=onepage&q&f=false

1930 Fifteenth Census of the United States
Volume II, Manufactures: Reports by Industries, #5 Industries by Groups continued
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/03450419v2_TOC.pdf
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/03450419v2ch05.pdf
- specifically, pdf page 92 (of 150)

1940 Sixteenth Census of the United States
Manufacturers: 1939 – Volume II Part 1
#7: Lumber and Timber Basic Products
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/29328777v2p1_TOC.pdf

1954 United States Census of Manufactures
Volume 2, Part 1, Lumber and Timber Basic Products [Table 24A series]
http://books.google.com/books?id=7CIhAAAAMAAJ&lpg=SA20-PA15&ots=xzHSnYYbPP&dq=%22United%20States%20census%20of%20manufactures%22&pg=SA24-PA9#v=onepage&q=lumber&f=false

1958 - United States Census of Manufactures
http://books.google.com/books?id=CREynRi-kP8C&dq=%22United%20States%20census%20of%20manufactures%22%20lumber&pg=SA24-PA7#v=onepage&q=%22United%20States%20census%20of%20manufactures%22%20lumber&f=false

1963 Census of Manufactures
Industry statistics. pt.l. Major groups 20 to 28. pt.2. Major groups 29 to 39 and 19,  Major Group 24 - Lumber and Wood Products - 24A "Logging camps, sawmills and planing mills"
http://books.google.com/books?id=6fQrn5J-gWwC&lpg=SA24-PA16&ots=jACtP8KIP8&dq=%22Logging%20camps%22%20sawmills%20%22planing%20mills%22%201963&pg=SA24-PA1#v=onepage&q=%22Logging%20camps%22%20sawmills%20%22planing%20mills%22%201963&f=false

1977 Census of Manufactures
Industry statistics, Part 1 [includes data from 1963-1977]
http://books.google.com/books?id=FJm2KXJEcfYC&lpg=PA664&ots=Ht8D5w17hS&dq=%22Logging%20camps%2C%20sawmills%2C%20and%20planing%20mills%22&pg=PA664#v=onepage&q=%22Logging%20camps,%20sawmills,%20and%20planing%20mills%22&f=false

1977 Census of Manufactures
Subject statistics, Volume 1  By United States. Bureau of the Census. Industry Division
http://books.google.com/books?id=h8isQRY-lBEC&dq=%22United%20States%22%20%22census%20of%20manufactures%22%20logging%201972&pg=SA7-PA26#v=snippet&q=logging&f=false

1982 Census of Manufactures
Industry Series Logging Camps Sawmills and Planning Mills [includes data for 1977 and 1982]
http://books.google.com/books?id=I7_KXxzkTMQC&dq=%22United%20States%22%20%22census%20of%20manufactures%22%20logging&pg=PR1#v=onepage&q&f=false

1992 Census of Manufactures
Industry series. Logging camps, sawmills, and ...  By United States. Bureau of the Census  [includes data for 1992 and 1987]
http://www.census.gov/prod/1/manmin/92mmi/mci24af.pdf

1997 Economic Census
Manufacturing. Industry series.  Sawmill and woodworking machinery manufacturing [electronic resource]. 
http://www.census.gov/prod/ec97/97m3332a.pdf

2002 Economic Census
Manufacturing. Industry series. Sawmills
http://www.census.gov/prod/ec02/ec0231i321113.pdf

2007 Economic Census
NAICS 321113 - Sawmills - links to tabular data
http://www.census.gov/econ/industry/ec07/a321113.htm

Forest Service Documents

Profile 2009: softwood sawmills in the United States and Canada - http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/34525

Profile 2007: softwood sawmills in the United States and Canada - http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/29847

Profile 2005: softwood sawmills in the United States and Canada - http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/21128

Profile 2003: softwood sawmills in the United States and Canada - http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/7547

Profile 2001: softwood sawmills in the United States and Canada - http://permanent.access.gpo.gov/lps106978/2001/fplrp594.pdf

Profile 1999: softwood sawmills in the United States and Canada - http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/5932

The Number of Hardwood Sawmills Continues to Decrease - Is that Bad? (2005) - http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/22040

Sawmill closures, openings, and net capacity changes in the softwood lumber sector, 1996-2003 (2002) - http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/5933

A national profile of the U.S. hardwood sawmill industry (2001) - http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/2741

Timber in the United States economy, 1963, 1967, and 1972 / by Robert B. Phelps.
[Washington] : Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service ; for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off., [1980]. General technical report WO ; 21
http://www.archive.org/details/timberintheunite024641mbp

Books, Articles

Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970: Part I - Click on "L. Forestry and Fisheries" in the left column
http://www2.census.gov/prod2/statcomp/documents/CT1970p1-01.pdf

Title: Labor for Forestry Operations – Issues for the 1990s
Authors:   R. B. Rummer
Citation:  Transactions of the ASABE. 37(2): 639-645. @1994
Keywords:   Logging, Mechanization, Productivity, Safety
The forestry workforce is facing significant challenges in the 1990s. Review of past trends in employment, labor productivity, and safety performance suggests that the number of loggers will continue to decrease and the remaining loggers will become more efficient. Safety will improve because of increasing mechanization and increasing production from southern operations. Areas for future investigation in forest workforce issues will include the effects of mechanization and individual worker performance on safety and productivity.
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org
Available online to MSU (last article listed, at the bottom of the page) -
http://asae.frymulti.com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/toc_journals.asp?volume=37&issue=2&conf=t&orgconf=t1994

Ahn, SoEun and Robert C. Abt. Productivity measurement with improved index numbers: Application to the sawmills and planing mills industry of the U.S.: 1947–2000. Forest Policy and Economics, Volume 8, Issue 3, April 2006, Pages 323-335
http://catalog.lib.msu.edu/record=b5267100 

Ellefson, Paul V. Economic Structure of the U.S. Timber Industry: Special Focus on Primary Processing. June 1979. Staff Paper Series Number 11
http://www.forestry.umn.edu/prod/groups/cfans/@pub/@cfans/@forestry/documents/asset/cfans_asset_183967.pdf

Jensen, Vernon H. Lumber and labor. New York, Farrar & Rinehart [1945]
Series:    Labor in twentieth century America [Chapter 4 - Great Lakes Region, http://books.google.com/books?id=MWWdBWJ_o_EC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA45#v=onepage&q&f=false ]
MSU MAIN LIBRARY      HD8039.L9 J4 
http://catalog.lib.msu.edu/record=b2049681

Zaremba, Joseph. Economics of the American lumber industry. New York, R. Speller [1963]
MSU MAIN LIBRARY      HD9755 .Z3 
http://catalog.lib.msu.edu/record=b1386005

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