Kevin Gover, "Five myths about American Indians", Washington Post, November 22, 2017. Thanksgiving recalls for many people a meal between European colonists and indigenous Americans that we have invested with all the symbolism we can muster. But the new arrivals who sat down to share venison with some of America’s original inhabitants relied on a raft of misconceptions that began as early as the 1500s, when Europeans produced fanciful depictions of the “New World.” In the centuries that followed, captivity narratives, novels, short stories, textbooks, newspapers, art, photography, movies and television perpetuated old stereotypes or created new ones — particularly ones that cast indigenous peoples as obstacles to, rather than actors in, the creation of the modern world. I hear those concepts repeated in questions from visitors to the Smithsonian’s National Museum of the American Indian every day. Here are five of the most intransigent.
Alicia Puglionesi, "How Early American Plays Turned Pocahontas into Fake News", History.com, November 22, 2017. The mythical 'Indian princess' granted symbolic permission for massive land theft and displacement of native peoples.
Erin Blakemore, "Alcatraz Had Some Surprising Prisoners: Hopi Men", History.com, November 20, 2017. Al Capone. Whitey Bulger. The list of Alcatraz prisoners reads like a litany of gangsters and hardened criminals. But in the 19th century, the infamous island was also home to 19 prisoners rarely found in maximum security cells: Hopi men. Their crime? Rebelling against plans to send their children to “assimilation” boarding schools hundreds of miles away from their reservations. But in 1894, their parents resisted—and paid the price.
Second Thanksgiving (by We Are Thomasse). The story of the First Thanksgiving seems so innocent and hopeful... so what on earth happened at that Second Thanksgiving to make it all go wrong? We Are Thomasse, November 16, 2017.
Christopher Klein, "Remembering the First Native American Woman Doctor", History.com, November 17, 2017. A new book details how Susan La Flesche shattered not just one barrier, but two, to become the first Native American woman doctor in the United States in the 1880s.
Erin Blakemore, "California’s Little-Known Genocide", History.com, November 16, 2017. Although gold spelled prosperity and power for the white settlers who arrived in California in 1849 and after, it meant disaster for the state’s peaceful indigenous population. In just 20 years, 80 percent of California’s Native Americans were wiped out. And though some died because of the seizure of their land or diseases caught from new settlers, between 9,000 and 16,000 were murdered in cold blood—the victims of a policy of genocide sponsored by the state of California and gleefully assisted by its newest citizens.
Vincent Schilling, "6 Thanksgiving Myths and the Wampanoag Side of the Story", Indian Country Today, November 14, 2017. The Thanksgiving Day Celebration Originated From a Massacre.
Vincent Schilling. "8 Myths and Atrocities About Christopher Columbus and Columbus Day", Indian Country Today, October 9, 2017. First up, Columbus never landed on American soil.
Adrian Jawort, "The Declaration of Independence — Except for ‘Indian Savages’", Indian Country Today, September 23, 2017. The hypocrisy within the Declaration of Independence
Ray Halbritter, "Indian Country Today Media Network to Cease Active Operations", September 4, 2017. Indian Country Today Media Network announces operational hiatus to explore new business mode. Website will remain intact until January 1, 2018.
Alysa Landry, "Propaganda: 6 Works of Art That Shaped America's View of Natives", September 1, 2017. Not just art, these pieces represent artistic propaganda that had huge impacts on America's views of Natives.
Lisa J. Ellwood, "NJ Superior Court Rules Nanticoke Lenni-Lanape are Sovereign Tribe", August 31, 2017. Judge rules Nanticoke Lenni-Lanape's civil rights violation lawsuit against the state of New Jersey for denying its status can proceed.
Sarah Sunshine Manning, "The Power of Oceti Sakowin Women", August 30, 2017. Oceti Sakowin women continue to be committed to the land, their relatives and traditions.
Alysa Landry, "This Date in Native History ; Natives Occupy Mount Rushmore", August 29, 2017. United Native Americans occupy Mount Rushmore over treaty rights.
Simon Moya-Smith, "Ugly Precursor to Auschwitz: Hitler Said to Have Been Inspired by US Indian Reservation System", August 27, 2017. Hitler admired the US system, while the 'greatest nation' won't recognize its past.
Liz Navratil, "Northern Arapaho Boys of Carlisle Indian Industrial School Going Home", August 25, 2017. Archaeologists working with tribes to return remains buried at Carlisle Indian Industrial School.
Alysa Landry, "How Mormons Assimilated Native Children", August 24, 2017. Students who embraced the Mormon faith and succeeded academically often felt out of place on their reservations or among traditional Native practices.
Mark R. Day, "The True California Mission Story", August 23, 2017. Author and academic Michelle Lorimer takes the sugarcoating off California Missions with her book, 'Resurrecting the Past'.
Mark R. Day, "Dispelling the Mission Myths in California", August 22, 2017. New book undercuts the myths behind the California Spanish missions.
Steve Russell, "5 Odd Facts About the Difficult, Tortured History of Virginia Indians", August 20, 2017. Native women were caught up in sterilization of the "unfit" right up until the 70s; eugenics spread from the United States to Nazi Germany.
Sarah Sunshine Manning, "Native Baby Baskets and Cradleboards: Reclaiming the Medicine of Traditional Mothering", August 18, 2017. Generations of tender and conscious Native parenting produced nations of children who were grounded, mindful, and confident.
ICMN Staff, "American History Myths Debunked: The Indians Weren't Defeated by White Settlers", August 18, 2017. A plague named smallpox did the most damage, not the American history myth of settlers.
Dr. Dean Chavers, "Scalping in America", August 17, 2017. When and where did scalping in America begin?
Becky Little, "How Boarding Schools Tried to ‘Kill the Indian’ Through Assimilation", Amazon.com, August 16, 2017. Native American tribes are still seeking the return of their children.
Joan Tavares Avant, "Talking Stick and Feather: Indigenous Tools Hold Sacred Power of Free Speech", August 15, 2017. These two time-honored tools were well thought out and created by indigenous leaders.
Christina Rose, "Echoes of Oak Flat: 4 Pick Sloan Dams That Submerged Native Lands", August 14, 2017. The dams submerged nearly 700 miles of Native lands in the Missour Valley from Yankton, SD to Williston, ND.
Christina Rose, "Native History: The Day Tecumseh's Prophecy Rocked the World", August 11, 2017. Tecumseh's successful mobilization of so many Natives proved to the United States that the war had not been won.
Alex Jacobs, "Ten Little Indians: A Genocidal Nursery Rhyme", August 10, 2017. Historical literature describes history of genocide, 'Ten Little Indians' won't go away.
Alysa Landry, "10 Things You Should Know About Taos Pueblo", August 9, 2017. The historic Taos Pueblo has built a tourism enterprise centered on traditional practice.
ICMN Staff, "Native History: Commemorating Battle of the Badlands 153rd Anniversary", August 7, 2017. The Battle of the Badlands played a role in the reservation systems, Wounded Knee, and other issues being dealth with today.
Mary Annette Pember, "The Power of Ojibwe Women", August 4, 2017. Ojibwe women survived European attempts to undermine their role as 'one who holds things together'.
Mark R. Day, "Amah Mutsun Tribal Chairman: 'Assimilation is Surender'", August 3, 2017. Chairman Valentin Lopez presides over a ceremony for 2,000 Amah Mutsun buried in a shallow grave in 1885.
Alysa Landry, "Scalping of Jane McCrea Used to Portray Natives as Evil", July 27, 2017. McCrea’s story added to colonial fiction of Revolutionary War and America’s view of Natives
Robert Aquinas McNally, "The Indian Killer Dubbed 'Knight of the Frontier', July 26, 2017. Benjamin Wright, a hunter and tracker turned Indian bounty hunter.
Steve Russell, "Early Indigenous Peoples and Written Language", July 19, 2017. Written language for early indigenous peoples included wampus belts, codices, and khipu.
Alex Hamer, "The Power of Haudenosaunee Women", July 18, 2017. The strength of the Haudenosaunee women is legendary and can be see from the women's rights movement to Standing Rock.
Vincent Schilling, "8 Big Lies History Books Tell About Natives", July 14, 2017. History books written by non-Natives don't share the truth when it comes to natives.
Vincent Schilling, "10 Native Inventions and Innovations That Changed the World", July 13, 2017. Indigenous cultures have created thousands upon thousands of native inventions that are in use today.
Alysa Landry, "The Power of Blackfeet Women: In traditional Blackfeet society, women are 'holier than the pope" July 11, 2017. In the early 19th century, a Blackfeet woman rose to prominence when she chose to learn the ways of a warrior.
Frank Hopper, "It Only Took Two Years: Andover Newton Begings Returning Native Artifacts to 396 Tribes", July 6, 2017. Andover Newton Theological School warned by feds repeatedly to inventory and return Native artifacts.
ICMN Staff, "Fourth of July Remembrance: Chief Black Hawk's Farewell Speech", July 2, 2017. On July 4, 1838 Chief Black Hawk, a Native American war leader of the Sauk Indian Tribe gave a farewell speech at Old Settlers Park in Fort Madison, Iowa.
Vincent Schilling, "Suppositories? Yeah, A Native Made It!", June 29, 2017. Indigenous Inventions that Changed Our World.
Konnie LeMay, "Proclamation Sets Course Toward Sand Creek Massacre", June 27, 2017. The Sand Creek Massacre is one of the most heinous atrocities in U.S. history.
Alysa Landry, "Native History: President Calvin Coolidge Summers in Black Hills, Adopted by Sioux", June 23, 2017. Calvin Collidge's adoption as Leading Eagel overshadowed by his decision not to run for re-election.
Alysa Landry, "Natives Participate in Poor People's Campaign; Protest BIA", June 20 ,2017. Poor People's Campaign brings ethnicities together over common issue of poverty.
Lynn Cordova, "Supreme Court : Yes, You Can Trademark Disparaging Racial Slurs Like R-Word", June 19, 2017. Washington NFL team says they are "thrilled" with the court's trademark decision; Natives take to social media to deride ruling.
Alysa Landry, "American Indian Movement Occupies Mount Rushmore", June 6, 2017. Natives led by American Indian Movement dragged off monument, demanded treaty be honored.
Vincent Schilling, "Memorial Day Tribute: American Indian Warriors Who Made the Ultimate Sacrifice in War", May 29, 2017. This Memorial Day remember these warriors who have walked on along with many others.
Leeanne Root, "Who Was Richard Oakes?, May 22. 2017. Mohawk activist Richard Oakes 'had a profound impact'' on the fight for Native Rights.
ICMN Staff, "The War of 1812 Could Have Been the War of Indian Independence", May 17, 2017. What did the War of 1812 mean for Indian Country, for this land's indigenous people?
National Park Service, "Native History: Murder of Chief Lean Bear Leads to War, Sand Creek Massacre", May 16, 2017. Chief Lean Bear gunned down toting peace medal and papers from President Lincoln, inciting the dog soldiers down the warpath.
Christina Rose, "Native History: Court Rules Standing Bear Is a Man With Rights", May 12, 2017. The first American Indian civil rights case in the US was decided on this day.
Debra Utacia Krol, "Life Expectancy Falling in US -- But in Tribal Communities, Not So Much" May 11, 2017. People are generally living longer n tribal commuities, but life spans still greatly lag more affluent counties.
Vincent Schilling, "Fight the Power: Heroes of Native Resistance, Women Warriors", May 9, 2017. Women warriors like Lozen and Moving Robe are part of history for standing their ground.
Alysa Landry, "Native History : 71-Day Wounded Knee Occupation Ends", May 8, 2017. Wounded Knee becasme a beacon for change, giving some people a sense of pride and hope.
Barry Babcock, "The Story of Donehogawa, First Indian Commissioner of Indian Affairs", May 6, 2017. Ulysses S. Grant was aware of the corruption within the Office of Indian Affairs and looked to end it.
Peter d'Errico, "Lewis v. Clarke: Latest Hit on Tribal Immuity Law", May 3, 2017. Are Native nations ready for the challenge to defend what is and isn't tribal immunity law?
Alysa Landry, "Andrew Jackson : Instigator of Indian Removal", May 2, 2017. : Andrew Jackson had one goal; all Indians must be 'beyond the great river Mississippi'.
Alexander Ewen, "Humans Populated Americas 130,000 Years Ago? Mastodon Finding Spark Controversy", Indian Country Today, April 27, 2017 : The prestigious science journal has published a report on 130,000-year-old mastodon bones that blows apart Bering Strait Theory.
Geoffrey Sea, "History Got It Wrong : Scientists Now Say Serpent Mound as Old as Aristotle", Indian Country Today, April 27, 2017 : Serpent Mound in rural Adams County, Ohio, is one of the premier Native American earthworks in the hemisphere. Its pristine flowing form was enhanced by major reconstruction in the 1880s. That reconstruction now appears to have been the second time in its long life that Serpent Mound has shed some of its skin....Estimates of the age of the earthwork are now radically revised as the result of a new radiocarbon analysis, suggesting that the mound is about 1,400 years older than conventionally thought. The new date of construction is estimated at approximately 321 BCE, one year after the death of Aristotle in Greece.
ICMN Staff, "American History Myths Debuked: White Settlers Did Not Carve America Out of the Untamed Wilderness", Indian Country Today, April 18, 2017 : White settlers chose Plymouth for the recently cleared and planted fields, hardly untamed.
Duane Champagne, "Trump’s Policies Threaten Tribal Sovereignty", Indian Country Today, April 17, 2017 : Tribal sovereignty facing challenges with cuts to BIA, other resources.
Chelsey Luger, "Achieving Humanity Through Standing Rock", Indian Country Today, April 16, 2017. The battle against the Dakota Access Pipeline got the world to recognize the humanity of Native Americans of the 21st century, even if only a little.
Rebecca Clarren, "A Right-Wing Think Tank is Trying to Bring Down the Indian Child Welfare Act. Why?, Indian Country Today, April 13, 2017: Native Americans say the law protects their children. The Goldwater Institute claims it does the opposite.
Jack McNeel, "Devils Tower: Name is 'Offensive, Disrespectful, Repugnant' to Tribes', Indian Country Today, April 7, 2017. Senate bill considers designating Devils Tower as official name, tribes opposed.
Christina Rose, "Native History: Alcohol and Murder Result in Theft of 50 Million Acres", Indian Country Today, April 6, 2017: An 1804 altercation and subsequent treaty led to Black Hawk's War nearly 30 years later.
Mark Fogarty, "DAPO Fallout Continues: Defund Movement Passes $5 Billion", Indian Country Today, April 5, 2017. From individuals to cities and tribes around the country DAPL banks are feeling the pressure.
Vincent Shilling, "6 Shocking Facts About Slavery, Natives and African Americans", Indian Country Today, April 4, 2017 : 1619, the year slavery was born, or was it?
Alysa Landry, "Native History: Ponce de Leon Arrives in Florida; Beginning of the End", Indian Country Today, April 2, 2017 : On April 2, 1513, Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon landed on the southeastern coast of Florida, claiming the territory for the Spanish crown.
Tanya H. Lee, "Why Teaching History Matters : 5 Professors Weigh In", Indian Country Today, March 14, 2017. : When teaching US history the Native American story is important for the future of this country
Rob Capriccioso, "Native Nations Rise March: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly", Indian Country Today, March 13, 2017. : Like any protest, the Native Nations Rise March had its ups and downs
Dina Gilio-Whitaker, "California v. Cabazon, 30 Years Later: Tribes Celebrate Historic Ruling for Indian Gaming", Indian Country Today, February 28, 2017. : Cabazon and Morongo Bands hosted a gala in honor of the 1987 Supreme Court ruling
Alysa Landry, "AIM Occupation of Wounded Knee Begins", Indian Country Today, February 27, 2017 : Wounded Knee is hailed as one of AIM's greatest successes.
Suzette Brewer, "Cabazon: The Raid That Changed Gaming History", Indian Country Today, February 24, 2017 :Thirty years ago this weekend, the Supreme Court decision in California v. Cabazon made Indian gaming a fact of life
Alice B. Kehoe, "Cahokia : America's Great City", Indian Country Today, February 22, 2017 : What happened to Cahokia inhabitants?
Rob Capriccioso, "Barack Obama and Richard Nixon Among Best Presidents for Indian Country", Indian Country Today, February 20, 2017 : ICMN highlights best presidents for Indian country, including Barack Obama and Richard Nixon.
Gale Courey Toensing, "Indian-Killer Andrew Jackson Deserves Top Spot on List of Worst US Presidents", Indian Country Today, February 20, 2017. Andrew Jackson tops list of worst presidents for Natives.
Vincent Schilling, "The True Story of Pocahontas: Historical Myths Versus Sad Reality", Indian Country Today, February 16, 2017. :Pocahontas had a Native Husband and Native Child; Never Married John Smith
Indian Country Media Network, "Rounds: Expunge Old Native American Laws", Indian Country Today, February 9, 2017 :SD Sen. wants to remove outdated Native American Laws as a way to reconcile
Alysa Landry, "Dawes Act Signed Into Law to ‘Civilize’ Indians", Indian Country Today, February 8, 2017 :The Dawes Act put individual Indians at the mercy of the federal government
Theresa Braine, "The Real Bowling Green Massacre", Indian Country Today, February 4, 2017 : In 1643, colonizing European soldiers massacred dozens of Lenape people at what is today Bowling Green in New York City
Leah Donnella, "The Standing Rock Resistance Is Unprecedented (It's Also Centuries Old)", NPR, November 22, 2016. As resistance to the Dakota Access Pipeline in Standing Rock, N.D., concludes its seventh month, two narratives have emerged: (1) We have never seen anything like this before. (2) This has been happening for hundreds of years. Both are true. The scope of the resistance at Standing Rock exceeds just about every protest in Native American history. But that history itself, of indigenous people fighting to protect not just their land, but the land, is centuries old.
Evan Andrews, "10 Things You May Not Know About Sitting Bull", Amazon.com, December 15, 2015. Facts about one of the most legendary Native Americans of the 19th century.
Keith Matheny, "Vandal defaces historic Sanilac Petroglyphs carved by Great Lakes native Americans", Detroit Free Press, September 8, 2017. A vandal or vandals defaced with graffiti centuries-old, native rock carvings at a state park near Cass City, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources has announced. The DNR and the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe are investigating the vandalism, which was discovered earlier this year at Sanilac Petroglyphs Historic State Park. The park features an outcropping of Marshall sandstone, with more than 100 petroglyphs carved into its surface by native people. The site represents the most extensive group of petroglyphs known in Michigan and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
ICMN Staff, "Big Upgrades at Michigan Casinos: Rebranding, Interior Facelifts, New Hotels & More", August 4, 2017. At least five of the 23 Class III casinos in Michigan are undergoing major changes this year, or recently celebrated an expansion.
Dave Palermo, "Tweaking Michigan Online Gambling Bill Doesn't Resolve Many of the Legal Problems", Online Poker Report, July 12, 2017.
Lynne Armitage, "Mackinac Island Finally Telling Native Side of History", March 30, 2017 : Agatha Biddle's home will be restored to tell Native history of Mackinac Island.
ICMN Staff, "FireKeepers Revenue to Fund Replacing Offensive Mascots at Michigan Schools", January 6, 2017. Tribe, Michigan recently revised their gaming compact to provide up to $500,000 annually to state schools.
A Michigan tribe has gone to court in an under-the-radar bid to designate much of Hemingway country as the state's largest Indian reservation. The Little Traverse Bay Band of Odawa Indians is suing the state in federal district court, claiming treaties in 1836 and 1855 gives the tribe sovereignty over 337 square miles of land and 103 miles of shoreline in northern Michigan. The case is expected to take years to resolve. But, if a judge decides a reservation was established more than 160 years ago, most of Emmet County, part of Charlevoix County, the cities of Petoskey, Harbor Springs, Good Hart, part of Charlevoix and two Lake Michigan islands would fall under tribal jurisdiction. Garret Ellison, "Tribe aims to make Petoskey area Michigan's largest Indian reservation", MLive, October 27, 2016.
American Indian people continue to be one of the most invisible, underserved, underrepresented and overlooked populations nationally, but continue to be vibrant, resilient communities in both rural and urban areas. Southeastern Michigan is no different; the seven county region of southeastern Michigan holds the largest American Indian population in the state, with approximately 1/3 of the population (over 48,000 Native Americans). Serving the unique needs of this diverse Native American community, American Indian Health and Family Services of Southeastern Michigan (AIHFS) is a cultural home and wellness center. Source ; Nickole Fox, "Culture is Critical : Serving the Needs of American Indians". Dome, March 7, 2014
The Grand River Bands of Ottawa Indians were notified by the Office of Federal Acknowledgment in a Dec. 12 letter to the tribal chairman that its 1994 request for federal recognition was being “actively considered.”...The agency in the U.S. Department of the Interior will decide by Dec. 1 a “proposed finding” to determine if the Grand Rapids-based tribe has met seven criteria to allow department Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs Kevin Washburn to move toward a final decision. Those who follow the arcane world of tribal recognition were surprised the Grand River Bands petition has gotten to this point....If the assistant secretary were to grant the tribe federal recognition, it would move forward plans of a development group to put an Indian casino at the Harbor 31 business park development on Muskegon Lake. However, the final recognition could take another two years and putting everything in place for a casino-based destination resort to be constructed could take an undetermined number of years beyond that. Source :Dave Alexander, "'Active consideration' of Grand River tribal recognition raises possibility of downtown Muskegon casino", MLive, February 21, 2014.
A group of Mt. Pleasant-based Native Americans, including 66 removed from the rolls of the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe in November, are seeking federal recognition of the original three bands of American Indians that first settled in Isabella County in the mid-1800s....No one has disputed that most of those behind the effort are Native American descendants of the original three tribes, but they claim to have been disenrolled from the Saginaw Chippewa Tribe for historical quirks linked to inappropriate rulings and poor record keeping by the federal government. Source : Rick Mills, "Banished tribal members seek federal recognition", Mt. Pleasant Morning Sun, January 3, 2014.
Tribal activist Ben Hinmon said he sees a strong element of support for cutting the membership rolls among some candidates in the upcoming Tribal Council elections. The Tribe’s gaming income has been falling for years as a result of greatly increased competition, a bad economy and aging casinos....That’s led to a reduction of Tribal members’ incomes derived from profits from the Tribe’s business interests, Hinmon said. Reducing the number of people who get that income in the form of per-capita payments would soften the impact....Hinmon said allowing collateral descent to form the basis of membership was very much in tune with the spirit of the times when it happened. He noted that the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe portrays itself as the successor of the historic Saginaw, Swan Creek and Black River bands of Ojibwe....“This ignores all of the earlier court rulings that urged the Tribe to heal,” Hinmom said. “The bottom line is that all those who trace collaterally trace their lineal ancestry to the Saginaw, Swan Creek and Black River bands.” Source: Mark Ranzenberger, "Court ruling could lead to massive Tribal disenrollments", Mt. Pleasant Morning Sun, October 4, 2013.
After 20 years of legalized Indian casino gambling in Michigan, the state is trying to claw back a piece of the action from six tribes as high-stakes talks to extend gaming compacts proceed. At stake: A share of a multi-billion-dollar industry and upwards of $40 million in potential annual revenue for the state.The tribes now pay 2 percent of slot machine and video gaming profits to local governmental units, a requirement spelled out in a federal consent decree that governs 20-year compacts finalized in 1993.They paid 8 percent to the state until after 1996, when voters approved construction of three non-Indian casinos in Detroit. That and approval of more Indian casinos broke decree terms that promised tribes exclusive rights for casino gaming in exchange for payouts to the state. Multiple sources say the state wants that share back – or more. Source : Ted Roelofs, "Michigan draws thin in new, high-stakes Indian casino tax negotiations", MLive, August 28, 2013.
The original language of Michigan is dying in the state. Anishinaabemowin was the language of the Great Lakes for millennia—spoken by the Chippewa/Ojibwe, Odawa and Potawatomi tribes—known as the Anishinabek. One of the biggest impacts on the language, that affected generations of families, was Native American boarding schools. Source : Emily Fox, "Native American Boarding Schools Have Nearly Killed Michigan's Native Language. Michigan Radio, September 28, 2015.
For additional articles, see Red Tape Blog and click on Native Americans.
The TurleTalk Blog also includes links to articles about Michigan Native Americans from time to time.