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Michigan State University

African American Studies Research Guide: Films on Internet

Contents

A compilation of free film resources about African Americans and featuring African Americans available over the Internet.  Most come from the Internet Archive or YouTube.  Note: feature films will be listed under that category.

Celebrate Black History Month with Biography.com Videos

Check out the collection of Black History videos available from Biography.com  They broke records. They crossed boundaries. They changed the lives of millions. Watch video of some of Black History's most important, controversial and inspiring figures.

Fannie Lou Hamer Films

Fannie Lou Hamer : Everyday Battle. "I'm sick and tired of being sick and tired!" This courageous statement by Fannie Lou Hamer during the human rights movement in the 1960's inspired thousands of people to fight for their rights and pushed her into national acclaim. In this, the first documentary profile ever on civil rights legend Fannie Lou Hamer, see actual film footage of Ms. Hamer in the movement. At 44 years old, this brave daughter of sharecroppers faced death threats daily for standing up against a racist system for poor African Americans denied basic human rights. Like Ms. Hamer, many fearless African American women have played crucial roles in the struggle for freedom, but have gone unrecognized. In a moving interview, Congressman John Lewis, who worked with Ms. Hamer in the movement, offers a valuable perspective on Ms. Hamer's character and her accomplishments. See how Fannie Lou Hamer's pour, courage, and selflessness changed the face of America.  Courtesy of YouTube.

In the Words of Fannie Lou Hamer.  A film by Laurie Parker.  Includes music by Joan Baez.  Courtesy of YouTube.

Selected Film Resources on Internet, A-E

Adam Clayton Powell Explains Black Power 1968 :  (YouTube) 1:41 minutes

African American History Month Audio/Video from the Library of Congress.  Audio and video presentations present a sampling of the material related to African American history available from the Library of the Congress and other partner agencies. These include Webcasts as well as musical recordings and unique sound artifacts, such as the stories of African Americans.

African Americans in World War II : A Legacy of Patriotism and Valor.   (YouTube). 1:09:32 minutes

Aamer Rahman (Fear of a Brown Planet) - Reverse Racism  (YouTube). 2:48 minutes

America After Charleston (PBS)  (YouTube) 56:40 minutes : Moderated by PBS Newshour’s Gwen Ifill, America After Charleston is a one-hour town hall meeting that explores the many issues propelled into public discourse after a white gunman shot and killed nine African-America parishoners in Charleston's Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in June 2015.

Cicely Tison Performs Ain't I A Woman (by Sojourner Truth)  (YouTube). 3:37 minutes :  First Lady Michelle Obama joined House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and other lawmakers and dignitaries on Capitol Hill on Tuesday to unveil a bust of Sojourner Truth, the 19th-century slave turned abolitionist who was also a fiery advocate for womens rights.

Kerri Washington Performs Ain't I A Woman (by Sojourner Truth)  (YouTube).  3:09 minutes  Actress Kerry Washington reads the 1851 speech of abolitionist Sojourner Truth. Part of a reading from Voices of a People's History of the United States (Howard Zinn and Anthony Arnove) October 5, 2005 in Los Angeles California.

Amazing Grace - Horrors of the Middle Passage, 8 minute streaming video courtesy of Amazing Stories : Kidnapped Africans, captured as slaves, endured unimaginably horrific conditions aboard ship.  Sent from their African homelands to a “new world” not their own, many died during the crossing.  Sick people were deliberately drowned.  This clip, from the movie Amistad, graphically portrays what was legally acceptable during the years of the slave trade.

America After Ferguson PBS Town Meeting broadcast.  56:46 minutes.

Another View available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS. This public television program addresses issues specific to the vibrant African American community. From the witty and sometimes controversial comments of the Another View Round Table pundits, to sensitive issues such as intra-racial discrimination, Another View never shies away from the tough topics. Plus, every week Reporter/Producer Lisa Godley showcases something positive being done in the Black community in an effort to show a more balanced portrait of African American culture. Another View is produced and hosted by veteran journalist/broadcaster Barbara Hamm Lee, WHRO’s Creative Services Officer, responsible for the marketing and promotion of WHRO....Another View proudly runs as a weekly radio show on WHRV-FM. Visit the website to download this week's podcast. You can also watch previous episodes of Another View's Television Program (from 2009 – 2011) in our video archive.

At the Dark End of Street.   A groundbreaking book by Danielle L. McGuire. The author gives us the never-before-told history of how the civil rights movement began; how it was in part started in protest against the ritualistic rape of black women by white men who used economic intimidation, sexual violence, and terror to derail the freedom movement; and how those forces persisted unpunished throughout the Jim Crow era. Black women's protests against sexual assault and interracial rape fueled civil rights campaigns throughout the South that began during WWII and went through to the Black Power Movement. The Montgomery bus boycott was the baptism, not the birth, of that movement....   Note book available in the MSU Libraries.  At the dark end of the street : black women, rape, and resistance : a new history of the civil rights movement from Rosa Parks to the rise of black power / Danielle L. McGuire.  New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 2010.  324pp.  E185.61 .M4777 2010

Danielle McGuire, "At the Dark End of the Street: Black Women, Rape, and Resistance"  via Book TV.  YouTube.  10:10.   Danielle McGuire, assistant history professor at Wayne State University, recounts the politically active life of Rosa Parks, a side of the civil rights figure that the author contends has been underreported. Ms. McGuire recalls Rosa Parks' involvement as an NAACP organizer who in 1944 investigated the rape of Recy Taylor, a black sharecropper, who was attacked by seven white men on her way home from church. According to the author the incident solidified Rosa Parks' activism long before her refusal to move from her seat aboard a Montgomery bus in 1955. Ms. McGuire also explores the sexual abuse that black women faced by white men during the Jim Crow era and how their resistance added in fueling the beginnings of the Civil Rights movement. Danielle McGuire discusses her book at the Decatur Library in Decatur, Georgia.

Baltimore: The Issues Behind the Uprising | #GRITtv via YouTube.  Posted June 15, 2015.  The media called it a riot, but on the streets of Baltimore they call it an uprising. The police murder of Freddie Gray ignited mass protests that have been called Black Spring. But in working class Black communities across the city, the issues go beyond police violence. Over a quarter of Baltimore residents are paying more than half of their income to housing. Nearly 150,000 cases a year are brought to Baltimore City Rent Court because tenants are unable to pay their rent. Over 30% of rental housing in Baltimore is considered so substandard it's uninhabitable. Jobs are gone, schools are underfunded, and money for development only goes to the wealthy communities. The Laura Flanders Show heard all this and more from the people on the front lines of the struggle.

Barack Obama - Inaugural Address streaming video courtesy of Amazing Stories : On the 20th of January, 2009, Barack H. Obama became America's 44th President.  His inaugural speech, given at a time of great economic concerns, addressed not just the problems of the country but also the significant progress America has made throughout her history.

Basic Black available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS. Based out of Boston, this local public television program covers a range of national topics from Gay Marriage and the Black Church, to the Relevance of Black Studies in universities. In response to the demand for public television programs that reflect African American concerns, Basic Black was conceived in 1968 amidst the tumultuous Civil Rights movement. Forty years later, in the midst of the reexamination of racial ideologies, the search for new black leadership, the embrace of a global citizenship, and the continuing search for solutions to pressing concerns, Basic Black reflects that ongoing black experience.

Black Culture Connection / PBS.  Beta mode.

Black Folk Don't available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS.  Do black people tip any less than others? What about swimming? Camping? Or going to the doctor? ... Black Folk Don’t is a web-only series that explores complex expressions and stereotypes rooted in African-American culture. “Black folk don’t”… camp? Tip? Add your own phrase. Who defines these colloquialisms? The explanation is complicated but worth the attempt. In some cases, “Black folk don’t” is a statistical fact like “Black folk don’t…go to the doctor in the numbers they should”. In other cases, “Black folk don’t” is a concept based on negative stereotypes such as “Black folk don’t tip”. This web series, addresses these inquiries in a witty, deep, and irreverent way.

Black Holocaust, Part 1.  (9:59 minutes)  YouTube.

Black Holocaust, Part 2. (10:33 minutes)  YouTube.

Black Holocaust, Part 3. (11:00 minutes)  YouTube

Black Holocaust, Part 4. (10:41 minutes)  YouTube.

Black Holocaust, Part 5(10:18 minutes)  YouTube.

Black Holocaust, Part 6(10:33 minutes)  YouTube.

Black Holocaust, Part 7.   (9:37 minutes)  YouTube.

Black Issues Forum available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS. A weekly discussion about the issues and solutions that might positively impact the quality of living in North Carolina and the nation....Black Issues Forum is a weekly program out of UNC-TV in North Carolina that represents and addressses the relevant issues that shape, affect, and define African Americans. Each half-hour presents a diverse panel of guests to discuss topics such as politics, society, health, education, justice, entertainment, technology, public policy, media and celebrity. Through this forum, viewers are provided with information that they can use to improve their lives and the world around them.

#BlackLivesMatter - Trailer Available on ITunes. Order when available.

Black Nouveau available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS. This award-winning program is replete with messages that promote positive images, interviews and profiles of African-American movers and shakers in the City of Milwaukee. With co-hosts Faithe Colas and Milton F. Dockery, this weekly series explores issues and presents stories that educate, inform, and provide hope to the Black community. Topics include everything from World War II veterans, to Cleopatra, and Charter Schools; An array of relevant topics that explore the richness of the history, heritage, culture, and challenges of the African-American experience in Southeastern Wisconsin, the nation, and the world.

Black Purdue documentary film via YouTube ; Drawing upon numerous sources, including books on Purdue, newspaper archives, yearbooks and nearly 25 hours of personal interviews with black alumni, this documentary begins at a time when black students were denied campus food and housing, were barred from campus social life, and banned from college sports. It records the subsequent decades of struggle, the on-campus protests in the 1960s and the steady progress over the years that accorded black students equal rights. November 24, 2009.

Black Stereotypes (YouTube) : The producers do not tolerate or support hatred or racism in any form. This film merely illustrates how blacks have been portrayed by filmmakers in the past....Every race, ethnicity, creed, gender, lifestyle, etc has it's stereotypes. Gay interior decorators, Chinese laundry, Hispanic gardeners, Irish cops, Italian gangsters, etc...These images are just a small sampling of how black people have been portrayed on a daily basis for many, many years....All of the clips used in this film were shown regularly on television up until the mid 1980's. Many episodes of the Little Rascals have been "ethnically cleansed" over the years. Some 20 minute episodes were edited down to a mere 8 after removing all racial images/slurs, while several episodes were removed completely from the series....All of the movie studios of the time, both big & small produced live-action films and cartoons portraying blacks in this manner. Theaters in the South would cut out any scene of a black performer that was not shown as a slave, servant or as comic relief....These films are a product of their times and provide visual documentation of how society, "kept the man down"....Has anything really changed so many years later?

Black U.S. Soldiers in Australia. Part 1 of 6. Streaming video from YouTube.

Black U.S. Soldiers in Australia. Part 2 of 6. Streaming video.

Black U.S. Soldiers in Australia. Part 3 of 6. Streaming video.

Black U.S. Soldiers in Australia. Part 4 of 6. Streaming video.

Black U.S. Soldiers in Australia. Part 5 of 6. Streaming video.

Black U.S. Soldiers in Australia. Part 6 of 6. Streaming video

Blacks in the Military (History Channel, 3:12 min). : Learn how blacks serving in WWII helped forward the Civil Rights Movement.

Blacks Studies Center : Schomberg Studies on the Black Experience.  Click on the video choice for a selection of short videos including : Black athlete Jesse Owens returns from the Olympic Games to New York City in 1936; Black Panther George Jackson's funeral in August 1971 is filmed in this silent footage, Civil rights march, Birmingham, Alabama, 1963; Ku Klux Klan march, Washington, DC, 1925;Malcolm X discusses integration in the 1960s; Marian Anderson performs at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC on 9 April 1939;  Martin Luther King, Jr. interview, 1960s; Muhammad Ali, Lew Alcindor, Bill Russell, and Jim Brown affirm Aliüs anti-army stance at a news conference in 1967; Race riots in Detroit and Harlem are shown in this 1967 news footage; Selma-Montgomery march, March 1965; Stevie Wonder sings "Yester Me, Yester You, Yesterday" in 1969; The Watts riots in Los Angeles, which took place in August 1965.

Booker T. Washington Video Profile with Neville Miller : Booker T. Washington was an African-American abolitionist, author and educator. Watch this About.com video to learn more about the life of Booker T. Washington.

Claudia Jones : Part One and Part Two : Claudia Jones, Trinidadian, was an outstanding leader in the Black British struggle for equal rights. Deported from the states for her anti-racist activities she landed in London and began campaigning for equal rights for the West Indian communities. She fought injustice, police brutality,housing and education discrimination. She set up the West Indian Gazette and created what is now known as the Notting Hill Carnival.  This film relates her early life and times in the United States during the Jim Crow era, when she embraced being Red and Black, joining the Communist Party at 18 and working for various civil rights issues until she was deported.   Courtesy of YouTube.

Connections available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS. Connections is ETV's weekly public affairs program and online discussion about issues that affect the South Carolina minority population. These topics include an array of relevant and important issues regarding mental health awareness, domestic violence, immigration legislation, innovative teaching techniques, and much more.

Courage to Love.  (YouTube)  91 minutes. : In 19th century New Orleans a new class of colored people has arisen. They are creoles, a result of relations between African-Americans and wealthy European people. Children are born, there is love, but marriage is out of the question. Colored people are still not considered equal. Henriette Delille is a very religious creole. The time she has she spends on educating, care and helping out in church. On the day her father Jean-Baptiste leaves her mother Pouponne to marry a white woman, Henriette is supposed to meet her arranged future 'caretaker' Paul Cartier. But she refuses him, defying every tradition and so bringing her mother to madness. She becomes friends with the French doctor Gerard Gaultier. He is in love with her and wants her to move to France, so they can be legally married. Henriette is torn apart by her feelings for Gerard and her devotion to the church. She must choose, but neither choice is going to be an easy one as there are people who greatly disapprove of Henriette's ideas of breaking traditions....This inspiring true story of heroism and love illuminates the extraordinary life of Henriette Dalille, the first African-American saint.  Wikipedia

A Distant Shore : African Americans on D-Day streaming video from Awesome Stories : About 2,000 African-Americans were among the Allied troops who stormed Normandy's beaches on D-Day.  Many more came ashore later.  They were given little credit at the time and faced ongoing discrimination when they returned home.  An Emmy-nominated documentary about their participation was finally made, and broadcast by the History Channel, in 2008.  This is a clip from that work.  Note:  we have the entire DVD listed under documentaries.

DuSable to Obama : Chicago's Black Metropolis  available as streaming video. Through the voices of its leading citizens, scholars, artists, politicians, and business leaders, DuSable to Obama: Chicago's Black Metropolis explores the history of Chicago's African-American community from 1779 to present day. Moments of triumph and challenge are told, as the unsung heroisms of everyday men and women are celebrated. Chicago’s rich history is also explored through notable figures like Senator Carol Moseley-Braun, American soul singer and songwriter Jerry Butler, and acclaimed artist and writer Margaret Burroughts. Watch the feature length documentary, DuSable to Obama, or visit the expansive site with interactive timelines, quizzes and more.

ESPN 30 for 30 : "Spike Lee's Lil' Joints : 2 Fists Up  YouTube.  58 minutes : When University of Missouri football players threatened to boycott their game with Brigham Young University last November unless president Tim Wolfe resigned, they made news far beyond the sports pages and Columbia, Missouri. But that was only one chapter in a tale that began long before that — a tale that director Spike Lee unspools in this Lil’ Joints documentary for ESPN Films. Yes, the athletes played a significant role in forcing Wolfe’s resignation, but it was really the female organizers of the Concerned Student 1950 movement, as well as a man, Jonathan Butler, willing to starve himself, who stood tallest in the confrontation with institutional racism at Mizzou. Indeed, their courage and resolve brings hope to the message chanted at the end of the film: “We gonna be all right.”

 

Selected Film Resources on the Internet, F-J

Fannie Lou Hamer : Everyday Battle. "I'm sick and tired of being sick and tired!" This courageous statement by Fannie Lou Hamer during the human rights movement in the 1960's inspired thousands of people to fight for their rights and pushed her into national acclaim. In this, the first documentary profile ever on civil rights legend Fannie Lou Hamer, see actual film footage of Ms. Hamer in the movement. At 44 years old, this brave daughter of sharecroppers faced death threats daily for standing up against a racist system for poor African Americans denied basic human rights. Like Ms. Hamer, many fearless African American women have played crucial roles in the struggle for freedom, but have gone unrecognized. In a moving interview, Congressman John Lewis, who worked with Ms. Hamer in the movement, offers a valuable perspective on Ms. Hamer's character and her accomplishments. See how Fannie Lou Hamer's pour, courage, and selflessness changed the face of America.  Courtesy of YouTube.

Ferguson : Life Matters.   In the wake of several police shootings of unarmed black Americans, Ferguson: Life Matters goes to the hometown of Mike Brown, one such unarmed black American whose murderer has since walked free and left the Ferguson Police Department on his own accord. We are guided throughout the film by a Missouri resident who is credited as a student and musician as he addresses what he perceives to be the roots of the problems in the inner city and gives insights on what he and the people around him feel would be appropriate solutions, or at least appropriate viewpoints for assessing the issues.   We are given a glimpse of the protests happening in Ferguson not only as movements for a solution, but also as an opportunity for those who would choose to do the neighborhood harm to do just that through looting and property destruction. A staggeringly small amount of this property destruction is aimed at the police or any external factor perceived to do harm to the people of the community, but is instead directed at local entrepreneurs who have only worked to service the community's economy.  The fact that we aren't provided with much more than opinions and a bit of figurative b-roll means that this probably won't be the definitive documentary film on the subject of Ferguson's racial climate, Mike Brown, or the underserved minority population on Ferguson; all subjects touched on in this film. Instead hard facts or statistically based graphs of any kind, we are presented with the opinions of religious figures, local business owners, and even some of our young guide's friends.   The film comes to a point where we are taken into to the guide's recording studio session; not entirely necessary for providing us with context on what the film is all about. Still, it opens up a dialogue and keeps a conversation going about an injustice that is bigger than one place and one person.  Courtesy of Top Documentary Films.

Finally got the News. Directed by Stewart Bird, Peter Gessner, and Rene Lichtman. Icarus Films, 1970.  A documentary that reveals the activities of the League of Revolutionary Black Workers inside and outside the auto factories of Detroit.  Available via YouTube.  

The Flying Ace / Norman Film Studios, 1926.  YouTube clip.  Advertisement.  Note : Try Netflix or Amazon Instant Video.  The Flying Ace is a black-and-white silent film ( 65 minutes) with an all-African American cast. This six-reel film, made by Norman Studios in Jacksonville, Florida, features Laurence Criner as a flying ace who returns to the United States after World War I, and Kathryn Boyd, who was also a pilot in "real life", as a character based on African American aviator Bessie Coleman. Kathryn Boyd also served briefly as a prostitute in the opening scene. Bessie Coleman was the worlds first licensed Black pilot was killed in a tragic crash the same year as the films release while on a barnstorming circuit. Testing a 'Flying Jenny,' Ms Coleman's airplane went into a sudden dive crashing at Paxon Air Field in West Jacksonville, Florida. Ms. Coleman was thrown from the plane and killed. Paxon Air Field has been closed since the mid 1950's, not a trace of the original field remains today buried by the rapid urbanization of Jacksonville. In July 2010, the San Francisco Silent Film Festival showed a restored print of The Flying Ace at the Castro Theatre.

Freedom Ride Inspires Participants To Create Change.  Four Gray Line buses idle noisily at the curb by Branscomb Quadrangle as the sun slowly rises over a sleeping Greek Row. A group has quietly gathered on the steps out front -- a mix of students, faculty and staff -- shouldering overnight bags and sipping cups of coffee while members of the media prepare to capture their departure....Clearly, this is not just any trip. The group will ride from Nashville, Tenn., to Montgomery and Birmingham, Ala., retracing the Freedom Rides of 1961, which were part of the movement that led to the end of segregation in the South. What's more, several of the original Freedom Riders will join the group to share their experiences first-hand along the way.  Vanderbilt University (2008)  Courtesy of YouTube.

The Freedom Riders (1): 1961 Effort to Challenge Segregated Bus System.  The Freedom Riders: New Documentary Recounts Historic 1961 Effort to Challenge Segregated Bus System in the Deep South. The International Civil Rights Center and Museum opens today in Greensboro, North Carolina at the site of the historic 1960 Woolworths sit-in. To mark the start of Black History Month, we turn to the story of another group of young people who were inspired by the success of the nonviolent strategy of the Greensboro sit-in. Starting in May of 1961, mixed groups of black and white students began taking interstate buses into the Deep South, risking their lives to challenge segregation. They called themselves the Freedom Riders. White mobs responded with violence. One bus was set on fire with the Freedom Riders. Numerous Freedom Riders were brutally beaten and hospitalized. We speak to Stanley Nelson, the director of the new documentary The Freedom Riders that premiered at Sundance last week. We also speak to two of the original Freedom Riders, Bernard Lafayette and Jim Zwerg....  Courtesy of YouTube.

The Freedom Riders (2): 1961 Effort to Challenge Segregated Bus System

The Freedom Riders (3): 1961 Effort to Challenge Segregated Bus System

The Freedom Riders (4): 1961 Effort to Challenge Segregated Bus System

General Baker at Benton Harbor Rally.

General Baker at League of Revolutionaries for a New America

General Baker : From Motown to Coal Town.  General Baker discusses the history of union organizing in Detroit and the connection between the UMWA and the UAW.

George Jackson : 41 Year Commemoration (Vimeo) from Freedom Archives.  August 21st marks the 41st anniversary of the execution of George Lester Jackson. The Chicago- born Jackson would have celebrated his 71st birthday on September 23rd....Jackson was a prisoner who became an author, a member of the Black Panther Party, and co-founder of the Black Guerrilla Family prison organization. He achieved global fame as one of the Soledad Brothers before being executed by prison guards in San Quentin Prison....Based on an edited portion of Prisons on Fire by the Freedom Archives (2001) with video editing by Oriana Bolden.

Green Pastures (1935) via YouTube.  Description available on Feature Film tab.

Half Past Autumn: The Life and Work of Gordon Parks (YouTube). 90 minutes.

Harlem Renaissance (History Channel video clip)

Harriet Tubman Video Profile with Christian Bryant : Harriet Tubman, the underground railroad's most well-known conductor, had a fascinating role in liberating African Americans during the Civil War. Watch this About.com video to learn all about her

Henry Browne, African-American Farmer in Georgia During WWII (1942) Streaming video from YouTube : This film shows the daily life of Henry Browne and family, farmers from Georgia. The film links his daily activities on the peanut farm to victory in the war.

Herb Heilbrun and John Leahr. The History Channel's This Week in History film clip via YouTube.  Two pilots from World War II, one a B17 pilot and the other a P51 escort pilot and member of the Tuskegee Airmen / Redtails, discover they were not only pilots on some of the same missions but grew up in the same town  and were in 3rd grade together.

How the FBI Sabotaged Black America - Streaming video from YouTube

The Huey P. Newton Story via YouTube.  Starz Entertainment.  86 minutes.  : Originally born in a small town in Louisiana and later moving with his family to Oakland, California as an infant, Huey P. Newton became the co-founder and leader of the Black Panther Party for over 2 decades....Director Spike Lee and Roger Guenveur Smith collaborate for the 7th time to bring Newton's thoughts, philosophies, history and flavour to life in A Huey P. Newton Story....Produced by Luna Ray Films, A Huey P. Newton Story is the film adaptation of Smith's Obie Award-winning, off-Broadway solo performance of the same name. It was filmed before a live audience and Spike Lee directs the film with his signature mix of film and archival footage to capture the thoughts of this revolutionary political leader....This website explores many of the subjects only briefly touched on in the film, bringing them into greater focus and creates opportunities for further investigation into the truth behind the man and the movement he founded....He was a modern day American revolutionary.

I Ain't From Africa The Documentary / Gaston Woodland.  Streaming video from YouTube.  63 minutes.

In the Words of Fannie Lou Hamer.  A film by Laurie Parker.  Includes music by Joan Baez.  Courtesy of YouTube.

International Storytelling Conference (2013) Many Stories but One World - Diane Ferlatte.  To learn a culture, learn its stories.   Listen to the story of the hambone.  The story of Papa Legba reminding that there are two sides to every story.   The world is full of different cultures; take time to listen to other people's stories too.

James Brown Say It Loud I'm Black and I'm Proud.  YouTube.  5:57.

Jesse Williams on the Importance of BET Special 'Stay Woke: The Black Lives Matter Movement'   YouTube. 32 minutes : It’s one thing to yell and want change but it’s an entirely different thing to actively affect the policies in place that cause the community to constantly face off against systems and thoughts counterproductive to equality or simply respecting blacks. Our recent guest Jesse Williams is playing his part on both fronts, taking it to social media but more importantly to the front door of change and demanding that it be opened for many like him. As an actor, his weapon of choice is the big screen and with the help of the original founders ‘Stay Woke: The Black Lives Matter Movement’ will allow many to not only speak out but encourage positive action.... Whether it is the Missouri football team standing tall against their institution, the ongoing Ferguson efforts or the nation simply going to the polls to vote given the fact at one point it was illegal for blacks to do so – the commonality is shared, do what you can with what you have to make a difference. You will hear a lot about who isn’t doing what or who should be doing more when it comes to celebs, athletes, actors, etc. but those like Jesse Williams should be encouraged with that same energy it took to speak negative about the lack of support from those “who have made it.” ... Instead of looking at the television screen saying they should be doing more, do your own research and see what you can do as an individual to help things progress in a positive way.

Jim Crow Museum of Racist MemorabiliaRacist Cartoons Collection.  A collection of cartoons from the Jim Crow era of early 20th century America courtesy of Ferris State University.

Jim Crow Pennsylvania available as streaming video.  Lynchings and beatings by night. Demeaning treatment by day. And a life of crushing subordination for Southern blacks that was maintained by white supremacist laws and customs known as Jim Crow. This groundbreaking documentary explores segregation from the end of the Civil War to the dawn of the modern Civil Rights movement. It was a brutal and oppressive era in American history, but during this time, large numbers of African Americans and a corps of influential black leaders bravely fought against the status quo, laying the groundwork for the opening of opportunities in education, business, land ownership, and a true spirit of community for African Americans.

Judge Priest (1934) 80 minutes.  streaming video from YouTube : Features first African American film star, Stepin Fetchit.   More about Stepin Fetchit from NPR.

Selected Film Resources on the Internet, K-N

Kathleen Cleaver Interview on American Black Journal (YouTube).  Stephen Henderson interviews Kathleen Cleaver, Emory University Professor of Law and former Communications Secretary of the Black Panther Party. Cleaver discusses the start of the Black Panther Party, similarities and differences between the Black Lives Matter and Black Power movements, the role of women within the Party, and much more.

Legacy of Claudia Jones, Part One and Part Two.  Presentation by Andrea Egypt.  Courtesy of YouTube.

Life of Sojourner Truth : Ain't I A Woman (YouTube Clip) 26 minutes, color.  Despite being born without any advantages and being unable to either read or write, Isabella, self-named Sojourner Truth at age 30, became a famous orator who spoke out against the sins of slavery, and for the rights of women. Told in the voices of those who knew her and were changed by her eloquent words concerning freedom and equality, this dramatization chronicles the major events that led Sojourner Truth to be a force for good, a force that helped change the United States from a slave nation to a free nation. Dramatized interviews include Frederick Douglass, Harriet Beecher Snowe, Abraham Lincoln and her diarist, Olive Gilbert...."This moving portrait is a useful resource for black and women's studies." — Booklist.

Malcolm X: By Any Means Necessary.  "Recently when I was blessed to make a religious pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca where I met many people from all over the world, plus spent many weeks in Africa trying to broaden my own scope and get more of an open mind to look at the problem as it actually is, one of the things that I realized, and I realized this even before going over there, was that our African brothers have gained their independence faster than you and I here in America have. They've also gained recognition and respect as human beings much faster than you and I. Just ten years ago on the African continent, our people were colonized. They were suffering all forms of colonization, oppression, exploitation, degradation, humiliation, discrimination, and every other kind of -ation. And in a short time, they have gained more independence, more recognition, more respect as human beings than you and I have. And you and I live in a country which is supposed to be the citadel of education, freedom, justice, democracy, and all of those other pretty-sounding words. So it was our intention to try and find out what it was our African brothers were doing to get results, so that you and I could study what they had done and perhaps gain from that study or benefit from their experiences." Malcolm X makes it plain that he is opposed to the philosophy of Martin Luther King.  YouTube.

Malcolm X Explains Black Nationalism.  Speaking to an audience at the Audobon Ballroom in Washington Heights on March 29, 1964, Malcolm X explains: "If you're interested in freedom, you need some judo, you need some karate--you need all the things that will help you fight for freedom...They can give us the back pay. Let's join in. If this is what the negro wants, let's join him. Let's show him how to struggle, let's show him how to fight. Let's show him how to bring about a real revolution. You don't need a debate. You don't need a filibuster. You need some action."  YouTube.

Malcolm X : Make it Plain : 1994 PBS documentary currently available via YouTube.

Malcolm X on Jesus Christ.  "They charged Jesus with sedition. Didn't they do that? They said he was against Caesar. They said he was discriminating because he told his disciples, "Go not the way of the gentiles, but rather go to the lost sheep." Go to the people who don't know who they are, who are lost from the knowledge of themselves and who are strangers in a land that is not theirs. Go to these people. Go to the slaves. Go to the second-class citizens. Go to the ones who are suffering the brunt of Caesar's brutality....And if Jesus were here in America today, he wouldn't be going to the white man. The white man is the oppressor. He would be going to the oppressed. He would be going to the humble. He would be going to the lowly. He would be going to the rejected and the despised. He would be going to the so-called American negro."..."To have once been a criminal is no disgrace. To remain a criminal is the disgrace. I formerly was a criminal. I formerly was in prison. I'm not ashamed of that. You never can use that over my head, and he is using the wrong stick. I don't feel that stick." (May 22, 1962, Los Angeles)

Malcolm X: Our History Was Destroyed By Slavery.  Malcolm X appears on a television show in Chicago called "City Desk" on March 17, 1963.
"My father didn't know his last name. My father got his last name from his grandfather and his grandfather got it from his grandfather who got it from the slavemaster. The real names of our people were destroyed during slavery. The last name of my forefathers was taken from them when they were brought to America and made slaves, and then the name of the slavemaster was given, which we refuse, we reject that name today and refuse it. I never acknowledge it whatsoever."

Malcolm X: Stop Begging The White Man and Stop Apologizing to the White Man.  Malcolm X explains that if you don't believe you've ever done anything, then you can never do anything. With clips of racist Hollywood movies, you can see how the role of black people as scientists and educators have been erased from American culture.

Malcolm X: We Didn't Land on Plymouth Rock  YouTube.  3:44  Malcolm X explains that Africans and African Americans are connected through a common oppression and this is the origins of nationalism.

Malcolm X: Who Taught You To Hate Yourself? (May 5, 1962, Los Angeles).  "Who taught you to hate the color of your skin? Who taught you to hate the texture of your hair? Who taught you to hate the shape of your nose and the shape of your lips? Who taught you to hate yourself from the top of your head to the soles of your feet? Who taught you to hate your own kind? Who taught you to hate the race that you belong to so much so that you don't want to be around each other? No... Before you come asking Mr. Muhammad does he teach hate, you should ask yourself who taught you to hate being what God made you."

Malcolm X : Why I Left the Nation of Islam

Marcus Garvey Film Documentary via YouTube. 

Martin Luther King, Jr. by David A. Adler   LeVar Burton kicks off the rebirth of Reading Rainbow with a reading of this children's book.

Meet Madame CJ Walker  (History Channel video clip)

Michael Jordan ESPN Sports CenturyStreaming video from YouTube.  42 minutes.

Minority Inventors: America's Tapestry of Innovation. Relates story of James West, an African American who was inducted into the Inventors Hall of Fame in 1999.

Minority Matters available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS. Minority Matters aims to create a deeper level of understanding and awareness for all Arkansans around minority issues, and seeks solutions to the challenges facing this great state.... Dedicated to providing a forum for discussion and exploration of issues affecting Arkansas's minority communities, Minority Matters is a television program that invites panelists to share their experiences and educational expertise.

MLK : A Call to Conscience available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS.  I will be talking to people and traveling to places that have transformed us as a nation, often in ways we don’t even realize”. – Tavis Smiley ... Part of the Tavis Smiley Reports Series, this special episode examines Martin Luther King Jr.’s stand against the Vietnam War and the influence of his legacy today. As Tavis speaks with King’s scholars and friends such as Cornel West, Vincent Harding and Susannah Heschel, he leaves his studio chair in Los Angeles and goes on the road to examine some of MLK’s most defining moments.

Mohammed Ali ESPN Sport Century.  Streaming video from YouTube.  42 minutes.

Mr. and Mrs. Loving / Showtime.  101 minutes.

MSU Main Library Protest drawing attention to Ferguson decision.  December 7, 2014.

The Murder of Fred Hamption (1971) YouTube 1:29 minutes : Fred Hampton (August 30, 1948 -- December 4, 1969) was an African-American activist and deputy chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party (BPP). He was killed as he lay in bed in his apartment by a tactical unit of the Cook County, Illinois State's Attorney's Office (SAO), in conjunction with the Chicago Police Department (CPD) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The Murder of Fred Hampton is a 1971 documentary film which began with the intention of portraying Fred Hampton, and the Illinois Black Panther Party. During the production of the film, Hampton was killed by the Chicago Police Department.

The Nazi Olympics : African-American Athletes ( Part 1 and Part 2 ) :Eighteen Black athletes represented the United States in the 1936 Olympics -- triple the number who had competed for the United States in the 1932 Los Angeles Games. African-Americans dominated the popular track and field events, and in the end, Black athletes brought home 14 medals, nearly one-fourth of the 56 medals awarded the U.S. team in all events.  Many American journalists hailed the victories of Jesse Owens and other Blacks as a blow to the Nazi myth of Aryan supremacy. However, the continuing social and economic discrimination the Black medalists faced upon returning home underscored the irony of their victory in racist Germany.  In this video, athlete John Woodruff, professor David Wiggins, professor Clayborne Carson, and author Jeremy Schaap reflect on the history of black athletes in American sports and the relevance of their achievements at the 1936 Olympics.  YouTube.

Negro Pilots (Tuskegee Experiment) streaming video courtesy of Awesome Stories.

Negroe History Lost, Stolen, or Strayed via YouTube, Part 1. 10:26, Part 2. 10:10, Part 3 9:48, Part 4 10:30, Part 5. 9:41

New Jim Crow DocumentaryYouTube.  56 minutes : A online video documentary depicting the way the war on drugs has gave rebirth to the jim crow laws and how the prison industrial complex makes billions to lock us up

New Orleans : Been in the Storm Too Long available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS. We see two sides of the city—the tourist areas that have been redeveloped with federal funds, and the devastated neighborhoods where everyday people have taken it upon themselves to get their homes rebuilt, their schools reopened, and their lives back.” – Tavis Smiley ... Capturing the spirit of New Orleans’s brave and resilient residents five years after their levees failed, this edition of Tavis Smiley Reports chronicles a proud people that are struggling to recover and rebuild their city in the wake of Hurricane Katrina.

Not in Our Town : Class Actions available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS. Communities working together to stop hate. This documentary chronicles three different stories of young students as they stand together against hate and bullying in their communities. University of Mississippi students turn their back on hate by peacefully confronting old divisions and the Ku Klux Klan. At Indian University, hundreds gather on campus to light menorah candles after anti-Semitic bullying. In a southern California high school, a massive circle of students supported by school leaders, and four districts that serve 50,000 students, break the silence about bullying at school with a loud and united chant: "Not In Our Town."

Selected Films on the Internet, O-Z

The Old Man and the Storm available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS.   The story of one family’s spirit and determination to rebuild their lives in post-Katrina New Orleans....FRONTLINE correspondent and filmmaker June Cross journeys with the Gettridge family of New Orleans for 18 months as they endure devastation, political turmoil and a painstakingly slow bureaucratic process to rebuild their homes and their lives. While it seemed that the unprecedented $126.4 billion appropriated by Congress for relief would sufficiently rebuild New Orleans, much of the money committed to its residents had yet to reach them years later. In June 2008, nearly three years after Katrina, Herbert Gettridge brought his wife home to New Orleans. By the sheer force of will and without the hundreds of millions of dollars promised to Louisiana, her husband had managed to rebuild their home of more than 65 years. But the Gettridge home remains a lonely monument.

Panther (1995)(1:59:54) (YouTube)  Tribeca Productions.  Panther is a 1995 film directed by Mario Van Peebles, from a screenplay adapted by his father, Melvin Van Peebles which was based on his book of the same name. The film is a dramatization of the story of The Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, tracing the organization from its founding through its demise in a compressed timeframe. Creative license is taken at some turns to amplify or dial down the significance of selected events, but the general trajectory of the Party and its experiences is still told factually, and the disclaimer placed at the beginning of the film lays claim only to its contents being "based on a true story".  For more information visit the wikipedia entry.

Race the Power of an Illusion (4:59) (YouTube).

Race the Power of an Illusion, Episode 2.  (5:31) (YouTube)

Race the Power of an Illusion, Episode 2. (6:11)  (YouTube)

Race the Power of an Illusion, Episode 3.  (55:55) (YouTube)

Race the Power of an Illusion - the online companion to the California Newsreel's three part documentary.

Racism in America : Small Town 1950s Case Study (YouTube)  Wikipedia entry

Rhythm & Blues Revue  (YouTube) 1955.  71 minutes : Musical variety show filmed at the Apollo Theatre in Harlem, New York City, featuring a cast of popular African-American performers: Willie Bryant, Freddie Robinson, Lionel Hampton, Faye Adams, Bill Bailey, Herb Jeffries, Freddy & Flo, Amos Milburn, The Larks, Sarah Vaughan, Count Basie, Joe Turner, Delta Rhythm Boys, Martha Davis, Little Buck, Nat King Cole, Mantan Moreland & Nipsy Russell, Cab Calloway, Ruth Brown, Paul Williams Band. Bill Bailey appears at 11:22. He was the first person to be recorded doing the Moonwalk (at 12:53), although he referred to it as the "Backslide", in the film Cabin In the Sky (1943)

Richard Pryor Egyptologist  (YouTube).  2:47.  Although a comedy sketch, it illustrated the belief that white European society tried to squelch any acknowledgement of African contributions to history.

The River Niger (YouTube)  1976.  104 minutes.   :   Screenplay (based on the play) by Joseph A. Walker.   An intimate look at life in the ghetto: Johnny Williams is a house painter who moonlights as a poet, struggling to financially and emotionally support his cancer-ridden wife Mattie. But times are tough and the poverty-troubled streets are even tougher, and it takes every ounce of Johnny's love and courage for the couple to make it through their strife, finding redemption in the River Niger.

Roads to Memphis available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS.  Part of the American Experience series.  Set against the backdrop of the turbulent forces in 1960s America, Roads to Memphis is the fateful narrative of James Earl Ray. This chronicles Ray’s path as a high school drop out, a prisoner, an escapee, a stalker of Dr. King, and the person wanted for King’s murder. Told through eyewitness testimony and the officials involved in Ray’s capture and prosecution following an intense two-month international manhunt, this is the first film to explore the mind of King's elusive assassin. It is an incisive portrait of an America on edge in that crisis-laden year and a cautionary tale of how the course of history can be forever altered by the actions of one individual.

Slave Ship Mutiny available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS.  From 1658 to 1838, the Dutch East India Company imported an estimated 63,000 slaves into the Cape colony and millions more to North and South America. Massavana was one of them. His struggle serves as a reminder of that era and his act of defiance encapsulated the indomitable human spirit that still resonates today. Slave Ship Mutiny tells the story of the Transatlantic Slave Trade and one of South Africa’s first freedom fighters: Massavana. With the help of detailed Dutch East India Company (VOC) archives and court transcripts, the film tracks the efforts of marine archaeologist Jaco Boshoff, historian Nigel Worden and slave descendent Lucy Campbell to discover the full story of this historic event as they learn what happened on the Meermin, how the slaves were able to overpower their captors, and why the ship ended up wrecked on a wild, windswept beach 200 miles east of Cape Town. Based on survivor accounts, Slave Ship Mutiny re-enacts these incredible events.

Slavery by Another Name available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS. "To most Americans, slavery ended with the Empancipation Proclamation. Slavery by Another Name gives voice to the largely forgotten victims and perpetrators of forced labor." This 90-minute documentary film tells us how even as chattel slavery came to an end in the South in 1865, thousands of African Americans were pulled back into forced labor with shocking force and brutality. It was a system in which men, often guilty of no crime at all, and coerced to do the bidding of masters. Tolerated by both the North and the South, forced labor lasted well into the 20th century.

Soul of the Game (1996)  Streaming video from YouTube.  94 minutes.  : A made-for-tv movie for HBO. It starred Blair Underwood as Jackie Robinson, Delroy Lindo as Satchel Paige and Mykelti Williamson as Josh Gibson. The film depicts Paige and Gibson as the pitching and hitting stars, respectively, of the Negro Leagues in the period immediately following World War II. Robinson is an up-and-coming player on Paige's team, the Kansas City Monarchs.

A Spike Lee Joint: Bamboozled 2002 New Line Cinema (YouTube)  136 minutes. A 2000 satirical film written and directed by Spike Lee about a modern televised minstrel show featuring black actors donning blackface makeup and the violent fall-out from the show's success. The film was given a limited release by New Line Cinema during the fall of 2000, and was released on DVD the following year. Starring Damon Wayans, Jada Pinkett Smith, Paul Mooney, Mos Def, Canibus, The Roots, Savion Glover, Tommy Davidson Enjoy an amazing film touching and makes you think.

A Spike Lee Joint : He Got Game 1998 Full Version (YouTube) : A sports-drama film written and directed by Spike Lee. It stars Denzel Washington as Jake Shuttlesworth, a prison inmate convicted for murdering his wife. The father of the top-ranked basketball prospect in the country, Jesus Shuttlesworth (played by NBA star Ray Allen), Jake is released on parole for a week by the state's governor in order to persuade his son to play for the governor's alma mater in exchange for a heavily-reduced prison sentence.

Stokely Carmichael At UC Berkeley - Black Power

Stokely Carmichael: We Need a Black United Front.  Stokely Carmichael (aka Kwame Toure) speaks at the Free Huey Rally.

Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture) Channel

The Story of Marcus Garvey.  YouTube.  121 minutes.

They Integrated Duke / UNC-TV Black Issues Forum. In 1963, Duke University became one of the last major universities to would admit black students as undergraduates. Three of the first five to enter, Wilhelmina Reuben-Cooke, Gene Kendall, and Nathaniel B. White, Jr. share their stories.  Broadcast : February 3, 2013.  27 minutes.

Too Important to Fail available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS.   In many states in 2011, fewer than half of young Black males graduate from high school. Low graduation rates combined with high rates of placement in special education classes and disproportionate use of suspension and expulsion add up to a crisis point for young Black males on the brink of adulthood....In the fifth installment of Tavis Smiley Reports, Tavis investigates the root causes of the increased dropout rate among teenagers, specifically among Black teenage males, as well as what can be done and is being done to reverse this. Behind every catch phrase and every statistic is a young person whose future will be lost if something is not done immediately to change their reality. Tavis travels across the country, speaking to education experts, as well as to the boys themselves about the challenges they face and how education can be redirected to address their needs. He profiles individuals who are making a difference in the lives of these young males and looks at the schools that are best serving them.

Torchbearers available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS.   Revisit Pittsburg's struggles during the so-called golden era of civil rights, and many of the men and women who lit the way for the generations that followed. The men and women who were largely responsible for Pittsburgh’s civil rights movement are called the “Torchbearers”. In this spirit and to continue their legacy, Torchbearers is a documentary special that covers Pittsburgh’s freedom fighters: Rev. LeRoy Patrick and the integration of city pools; Alma Speed Fox on protest marches; Dr. Helen Faison and the desegregation of public schools; and Regis Bobonis, the first African-American reporter on local TV.

Underground Railroad : the William Still Story available as streaming video during 2013 courtesy of PBS.   Reveals the largely untold story of William Still, who is one of the most important individuals of the Underground Railroad. Still heroically tried to get as many runaways as he could to "Freedom’s Land,” and smuggle them across the US border to Canada amidst the danger of bounty hunters. Because he kept meticulous records of the many escaped slaves who passed through the Philadelphia "station", his book to this day is some of the best evidence we have of the workings of the Underground Railroad, detailing the freedom seekers who used it, including where they came from, how they escaped, and the families they left behind.  Also available as DVD in DMC.

Voices of the Civil War courtesy of the Wright Museum of African American History in Detroit.  The Voices of the Civil War is a five-year film series dedicated to celebrating and commemorating the Civil War over the course of the sesquicentennial. Each month, new episodes cover pertinent topics that follow the monthly events and issues as they unfolded for African Americans during the Civil War. Within these episodes there are various primary sources – letters and diaries, newspaper reports, and more - to recount various experiences of blacks during this period.

We Shall OvercomeMahalia Jackson sings "We Shall Overcome" during her European Tour of 1971.  She was in failing health when she gave this performance....About three years before she gave this performance, in Europe, Halie Jackson (as she was known by her family and friends) sang at the funeral of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.  His death, and the death of Bobby Kennedy, which followed King's assassination by two months, devastated Jackson....Despite all the obstacles, the assassinations, the prejudices she (and other people of color) faced in America, Mahalia continued the struggle.  She believed, firmly, that "one day" her people would "overcome."  She believed the only way forward was to keep moving ahead:...When I sang "Precious Lord, Take My Hand" at Martin Luther King's funeral, my grief seemed almost too much to bear.  But when a reporter came to me after Dr. King and Senator Kennedy had been killed and said, "How do you carry on?" I said to him, "There can be no turning away.  There's a right to feel doubtful and despondent about things, but that is the time when you can't let your spirit and determination weaken.  We've got to remember these men lived for the good because it's needed so much now."  (Quoted by Robert Darden in People Get Ready!: A New History of Black Gospel Music, at page 220.) ...In this recorded performance, Mahalia Jackson moves away from the microphone before she actually finishes the song.  It is an incredibly moving moment from a woman who was once called "the most powerful black woman in America."

"We Shall Overcome" became the rally cry of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.  From singing the song at funerals of murdered civil-rights workers (such as James Chaney) to serving as the theme of a speech (by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.), "we shall overcome" set the tone of the struggle for African-Americans - and all downtrodden people - to regain their civil rights. This clip, of Dr. King's 1965 sermon delivered at Temple Israel of Hollywood,  includes these words: We shall overcome.  We shall overcome.  Deep in my heart I do believe we shall overcome.  And I believe it because somehow the arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends towards justice.  We shall overcome because Carlisle is right; no lie can live forever.  We shall overcome because William Cullen Bryant is right; truth crushed to earth will rise again.  We shall overcome because James Russell Lowell is right:

Truth forever on the scaffold,  Wrong forever on the throne.  Yet that scaffold sways the future, And behind the dim unknown  Stands God, within the shadow, Keeping watch above His own.

Temple Israel of Hollywood first made the long-forgotten recording of Dr. King's speech available to the public in 2007.  You can hear the entire sermon at NPR (National Public Radio).

W. E. B. DuBois and the Niagra Movement (History Channel, 3:44 minutes)

"Whatever Happened to Idlewild?" a  documentary film by Coy Davis, Jr.  YouTube  49 minutes :   Idlewild, Michigan, was once a thriving community steeped in African American culture and entertainment. Once known as America's "Black Eden," Idlewild was an active year-round community from 1912 through the mid-1960s, and was visited by well-known entertainers and professionals from throughout the country. At its peak it was the most popular resort in the Midwest and as many as 25,000 would come to Idlewild in the height of the summer season to enjoy camping, swimming, boating, fishing, hunting, horseback riding, roller skating, and night-time entertainment. www.kpl.gov

Why Do the Kochs Want To Reintroduce Segregation?  This video from Brave New Foundation  connects the dots and reveals how the Koch brothers fight against public education in every possible way....Their efforts began in North Carolina where they funded an effort to resegregate schools in an award winning school district. Using the same language as Gov. George Wallace in the 60s, Koch-supported school board members attempted to make “segregation always” a policy for tens of thousands of families....While David and Charles Koch drink down the high life, they are causing tens of thousands of families in North Carolina to lose their opportunity at enjoying educational equality and a free and fair shot at success. It’s part and parcel of the Kochs’ ideology to dismantle public service generally.

Wildcat at Mead (YouTube) : Wildcat at Mead documents an overlooked moment of history: a militant, unauthorized strike at a cardboard plant on the west side of Atlanta. The movie was produced by and features cadre of the October League (OL), a marxist-leninist organization who counted among its membership several plant workers who came to be important leaders in the strike.   More commentary.

Wilmington 10: Pardon of Innocence / UNC-TV Black Issues Forum. February 6, 1971, a small grocery store in Wilmington, NC was burned down, and 10 student civil rights protestors, including former NAACP director Dr. Ben Chavis, were falsely accused, unjustly tried and convicted, and incarcerated. Known as the Wilmington 10, their names were finally cleared after a 42 year fight. Dr. Chavis and attorney for the group Irving Joyner share their story.   Broadcast: February 10, 2013.  27 minutes.

Wings for this Man / Awesome Stories.  Sreaming video.  9 minutes 40 seconds : In an effort to get the American public used to African-American pilots flying U.S. military planes, the U.S. government had this film created.  It is narrated by Ronald Reagan and was released in 1945. ... At the time, Reagan was a captain in the U.S. Army Air Force and was working for the military's First Motion Picture Unit (FMPU) - officially designated as the 18th Army Air Force Unit - in Culver City, California....Reagan narrated (and starred in) several FMPU's productions.  He was one of the unit's original officers - starting as a 2nd Lt. - and also served as its personnel officer.

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