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Michigan State University

KIN 445: Sociocultural Analysis of Physical Activity: Empirical vs Review Articles

This course looks at the Sociocultural context of and social practices in sport and physical activity.

Empirical Journal Articles

Empirical Article
Based on experience and observation, rather than systematic logic. (according to

The articles contain original research (such as scientific experiments, surveys and research studies)
A list of references or sources is provided at the end of each article
An editorial board, composed of experts in the field, reviews articles to decide whether they should be accepted; this is also known as "refereed," "peer-reviewed," "professional," "scholarly", or "academic".
Uses a specialized vocabulary for that field.

Below are two websites that explain Empirical articles and research:

Empirical Research: How to Recognize and Locate -

Finding Empirical Research Articles in Education and Psychology


Review Journal Articles

Review Article

An article that summarizes the progress or current state in some particular subject, area, or topic.

What's a "Review Article?" -


Subject Guide

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Sheila Bryant
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Michigan State University