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Michigan State University

AgNIC Viticulture: Vineyard Management

MSU maintains the Viticulture information site within the AgNIC alliance. The site contains links to information and provides the opportunity to ask reference questions.

Vineyard Practices

MSU Resources:

Grapes at MSU

Climate and vineyard site selection, Michigan State University Extension
Growing Table Grapes in a Temperate Climate, E2774 by Thomas Zabadal, Michigan State University Extension
(in .pdf format)
Resources for an integrated approach to vineyard management - A multi-layered site (with links to weather sites, scouting, cultural practices, pest managemet, etc.) providing information on how to grow grapes following IPM recommendations. From Michigan State University Extension.
Vineyard Establishment I - Preplant Decisions, by Thomas J. Zabadal and Jeffrey A. Andresen
Vineyard Establishment II - Planting and Early Care of Vineyards, by Thomas J. Zabadal

Other Resources:

Cluster Thinning Effects on Fruit Weight, Juice Quality and Fruit Skin Characteristics in 'Reliance' Grapes, by Yu Gao and Garth A. Cahoon of Ohio State University Extension, in Fruit Crops: A Summary of Research 1998, Research Circular 299-99
Cornell University's Grape Pages - a list of linked publications that address numerous vineyard practices.
Critical Issues in Early Vineyard Establishment by William Nail, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. Presented at the New England Vegetable and Fruit Conference (NEVFC) 2005. (in .pdf format)
Developing an Environmental Management System (Ems) for Viticulture: A Practical Guidebook for Wine Grape Producers (a pdf file)- Compiled by: Catherine Nind and Lucy Taylor, Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, June 2002. About This Guidebook ...This guidebook [126 pages] outlines one approach that may be used to develop an Environmental Management System (EMS) for a vineyard. The system described in this guidebook facilitates a continual improvement in environmental management and can be used to demonstrate a commitment to responsible land management. The system is generally consistent with the requirements of ISO 14001: the internationally accepted standard for an EMS.
Grape Culture - University of Rhode Island GreenShare Factsheets
Grape Growing by the Texas Cooperative Extension
Growing Grapes in Indiana by Bruce Bordelon. 1995. Purdue Univ. Coop. Ext. Sev., HO-45. (in .pdf format)
Growing Grapes in Missouri by the Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station
Growing Grapes in New Mexico, Circular 483, by Esteban Herrera. (Click here for .pdf format)
Growing Fruit in the Texas Hill Country, Texas A&M University
Improving Size and Quality of Seedless Grapes, H-311, by Esteban Herrera (in .pdf format)
Influence of Growth Regulators, Cropping, and Number on Replacement Trunks of Winter-Injured 'Vidal Blanc' Grapes, by David C. Ferree, David M. Scurlock, and Rick Evans of Ohio State University Extension, in Fruit Crops: A Summary of Research 1998, Research Circular 299-99
Investigations on the effect of extremely low copper doses and different copper formulations by W. K. Kast
Investigating the Relationship Between Vine Vigor and Berry Set of Field-Grown 'Seyval Blanc' Grapevines, by Steven J. McArtney and David C. Ferree of Ohio State University Extension, in Fruit Crops: A Summary of Research 1998, Research Circular 299-99
Notes on viticulture for aspirant vinegrowers from viticulture.uk
Nutrient Management for Commercial Fruit & Vegetable Crops in Minnesota by Eliason, Rosen, University of Minnesota Extension Service
Salicylic and Phosphorous acid - possible alternative to copper? by W. K. Kast
Vineyard Mechanization for Juice and Wine Production for Missouri and Mid-America, by Justin R. Morris, University of Arkansas [This paper was presented at the Midwest Regional Grape and Wine Conference. Proceedings.]
Viticulture Basics: Site and Soil Requirements by Mark Chien, Pennsylvania State University. Presented at the New England Vegetable and Fruit Conference (NEVFC) 2003. (in .pdf format)
Viticulture Site Suitability in NC

Home Production

MSU:
Growing Table Grapes in a Temperate Climate, Michigan State University, Bulletin 2774, 2002

Midwest Grape Production Guide, Bulletin 919, Ohio State University Extension

Backyard Grapes by Michael Colt, Esmaeil Fallahi, Dan Barney and Terry Tindall, University of Idaho. (in .pdf format)
Bunch Grapes In The Home Garden by E. B. Poling, North Carolina State University
Bunch Grape, Excerpted from the South Carolina Master Gardener Training Manual EC 678, Prepared by Marjan Kluepfel and Bob Polomski
Home Garden Bunch Grapes by Gerard Krewer and Stephen Myers, University of Georgia College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, Cooperative Extension Service
Growing Grapes for Home Use by Emily Hoover and Peter Hemstad, Univ. of Minnesota Extension
Growing Grapes in the Home Garden, Iowa State University Cooperative Extension. (in .pdf format)
Growing Grapes in the Home Garden by Julia Whitworth, Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service
Growing Grapes in Your Home Garden, EC 1305, Oregon State University Extension Service. Reprinted June 2006 (in .pdf format)
Growing Grapes in the Home Fruit Planting by Gary Gao, an Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet
Home Fruit Production: Grape Culture by Michele Warmund, University of Missouri-Columbia
Chapter 6: Grapes from: Small-Scale Fruit Production - A Comprehensive Guide, from the Penn State Cooperative Extension
Internationaler Erfahrungsaustausch zum ökologischen Weinbau: Translated title: International symposium on [ecologically sound] grape production - Articles in both German and English.

Organic Production

Production Guide for Organic Grapes Cornell Univerity Extension 

Organic Grape Production in California by W. Douglas Gubler
Organic Viticulture in Greece by Dr Ioannis Rumbos
Organic Viticulture in New York (The SARE Project) - From 1990 to 1995 a multidisciplinary group of Cornell faculty, grape growers and members of the organic farming community carried on a joint study to explore the feasibility of organic grape production in New York. This project was funded by the federal Sustainable Agriculture Research and Extension program (SARE). To ensure that the findings would be available to interested parties, a seminar was held at the end of the project. In addition to presenting data from the NY study, presentations were made by invited speakers from around the world. These presentations were published as a NYSAES Special Report No. 69: Organic Grape and Wine Production Symposium, edited by Pool, Robert, 1995 ) and are presented here in pdf format.
Organic wine production in France - a fast increase by Jacques Rousseau
World Markets for Organic Fruit and Vegetables--Opportunities for Developing Countries in the Production and Export of Organic Horticultural Products. Online publication from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Rome, 2001.

Pruning & Training Grapevine

MSU Resources:

Building A Grape Arbor, SWMREC Special Report #16, by Tom Zabadal and Gaylord Brunke. [in .pdf format]
Pruning and Training Chambourcin and Chardonel by G. Stanley Howell, Michigan State University (in .pdf format)
Pruning Grapevines in Michigan, by Gordon S. Howell & R. Keith Striegler

Other Resources:

Evaluation of Various Pruning Methods for Maximum Production of Wine Grape Cultivars in Southern Arizona, by Michael W. Kilby. In the 1999 Wine Grape Research Report, edited by Linda Nunan, and Michael W. Kilby. University of Arizona, College of Agriculture, and sponsored by the Arizona Wine Commission. November 1999.
A Grape Arbor, Landscape Smart: Episode LDS-707, HGTV
Grape Arbors - New Interest In an Old Tradition by George Ray McEachern, Texas A&M University
Home Fruit Production: Grape Training Systems, University of Missouri Extension
Pruning and Training Vines, by Bruce Bordelon, Purdue University (in .pdf format)
Pruning Grapes in Home Gardens: Some Basic Guidelines, J. King, WSU-Mount Vernon
Pruning Grapes to the Four-Arm Kniffin System, Reviewed by Esteban Herrera, New Mexico State University Extension. (in .pdf format)
Pruning Grapevines, Reiman Gardens, Iowa State University Cooperative Extension. (in .pdf format)
Training Systems for New York Vineyards, by Dr. Robert Pool, Professor of Viticulture, NYSAES, Cornell, University
Getting Started from the University of Nebraska Viticulture Program in Lincoln, Nebraska.
Trellising the Grape: An Unsung Aspect of Wine Quality By Cole Danehower

Propagation & Grafting

The Effects of the Grafting Time and Types on The Success of the Grafted Grapevine Production By Grafting Under Nursery Condition by Hüseyin ÇELIK, Ferhat ODABAS, Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 22 (1998): 281-290. (Abstract is in English, full article in Turkish).
Field Grafting to Change Varieties by Jack Johnston, Maryland Grape Growers Association
Green Leaf Propagation by Tom Carlisle (in pdf format)
The How, When and Why of Grafting - explore the world of plant propagation at Ken Mudge's Cornell CyberTower 'study room'. Site features video lectures on layering, cuttings, grafting, micropropagation and more. Free, but registration required.
An Illustrated Guide to Field Grafting Grapevines, by Michael J. Coe, Dai Crisp, and Edward Hellman
Propagating Greenwood Cuttings - An alternative propagation scheme for grapevine cuttings
Propagation [of grapevines], UC Davis
Vineyard Propagation From Cuttings, H-322, by Estaban Herrera and Paul La Vine. (Click here for .pdf format)

Nutrition & Irrigation

Balancing the Nitrogen Budget, from the University of California Cooperative Extension-Tulare County.
Best Management Practices for Nitrogen Fertilization of Grapevines, from the University of California Cooperative Extension-Tulare County.
Boron Fertilization in Vineyards, from the University of California Cooperative Extension-Tulare County.
Foliar Fertilization of Grapevines, from the University of California Cooperative Extension-Tulare County.
Irrigation Water Requirements of Wine Grapes in the Sonoita Wine Growing Region of Arizona, by Donald C. Slack and Edward C. Martin. In the 1999 Wine Grape Research Report, edited by Linda Nunan, and Michael W. Kilby, University of Arizona, College of Agriculture, and sponsored by the Arizona Wine Commission. November 1999. (in .pdf format)
Manure as a Fertilizer, from the University of California Cooperative Extension-Tulare County.
Boron Fertilization in Vineyards, from the University of California Cooperative Extension-Tulare County.
Potassium in Soils and Grapevine Nutrition, from the University of California Cooperative Extension-Tulare County.
The Relationship Between Covercrops and Vine Nutrition, from the University of California Cooperative Extension-Tulare County.
Soil pH and Mineral Nutrition of Vitis vinifera Varieties, from Bob Pool's Grape Production in New York Grape Pages
Use of Tissue Analysis in Viticulture, from the University of California Cooperative Extension-Tulare County.(in PDF format)
Vine Nutrition and Health, from the Maryland Grape Growers Association.
Wine Grape Nutritional Survey, by Michael W. Kilby. In the 1999 Wine Grape Research Report, edited by Linda Nunan, and Michael W. Kilby. University of Arizona, College of Agriculture, and sponsored by the Arizona Wine Commission. November 1999. (in .pdf format)

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