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Michigan State University

AgNIC Viticulture: Pests

MSU maintains the Viticulture information site within the AgNIC alliance. The site contains links to information and provides the opportunity to ask reference questions.

Page Contents

Diseases
Grape Phylloxera
Insects
IPM, Pesticides
Mammals & Birds
Nematodes, Weeds & Other Pests

Mammals, Birds

Bird Control on Grape and Tender Fruit Farms by Hugh W. Fraser, K. Helen Fisher & Ian Frensch

Nematodes, Weeds & Other Pests

Identifying Noxious Weeds of Ohio: Grapevines, Vitis spp. (abandoned vines only)
UC IPM: UC Management Guidelines Pests of Grapes: Nematodes (12/99) and Weeds (section reviewed 12/99) - Guidelines are on the following: Grape Weed Photo Gallery, with Common and Scientific Names of Weeds Commonly Found in California Vineyards (12/99), Special Weed Problems (12/99), Integrated Weed Management (12/99), Susceptibility of Winter Weeds to Herbicide Control (12/99), Susceptibility of Spring/Summer Weeds to Herbicide Control (12/99), Herbicide Treatment Table (12/99)

Insects

MSU Resources:

Grape Berry Moth by Mark Longstroth, Michigan State University Extension
Grape Mealybug - Fruit IPM Factsheet, Michigan State University Extension
Japaneese Beetles - Agriculture Factsheet, Michigan State University Extension
Pest Control in Small Vineyards, E2698 by Thomas Zabadal, Michigan State University Extension

Other Resources:

Common Fruit Insects Wisconsin Extension
Grape Berry Moth Management Using Mating Disruption by Greg English-Loeb, Cornell University. Presented at the New England Vegetable and Fruit Conference (NEVFC) 2005. (in .pdf format)
Grape Insects by Ric Bessin, University of Kentucky College of Agriculture
Insect Pests of Grapes in Florida
Insect Pests of Grape in Ontario
Kentucky IPM Picture Sheets - Insect Pests of Grapes (in .pdf format)
New York State Integrated Pest Management Fact Sheets for Grapes - Provides links to pages (in HTML and .pdf formats)on the following insect pests: Climbing Cutworm, Grape Berry Moth, Grape Cane Gallmaker, Grape Cane Girdler, Grape Flea Beetle, Grape Leafhopper, Grape Rootworm, Grape Tumid Gallmaker
Pest Control in Grapes, Purdue Pesticide Program. (in .pdf format)
Pest Control in Small Vineyards, E2698 by Thomas Zabadal, Michigan State University Extension
Population Dynamics of the Vine Mealybug and its Natural Enemies in the Coachella and San Joaquin Valleys. Principal Investigator: Kent M. Danne; Co-Authors/Cooperators; Vaughn Walton, Marta Guillen, Raksha Malakar-Kuenen, Marianna Krugner, Carmean Gispert, Glenn Y. Yokota, Walter J. Bentley, Jocelyn G. Millar. 
Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Arizona Vineyards, by Michael A. McClure. In the 1999 Wine Grape Research Report, edited by Linda Nunan, and Michael W. Kilby. University of Arizona, College of Agriculture, and sponsored by the Arizona Wine Commission. November 1999. (in .pdf format)
Susceptibility of various grape cultivars to phylloxera at the University of Illinois, Urbana (foliar observations only)
UC IPM: UC Management Guidelines Pests of Grapes: Insects and Mites (section reviewed 12/99) - Guidelines are on the following: Branch and Twig Borer (12/99), Click Beetle (7/96), Cutworms (12/99), False Chinch Bug (12/99), Grape Bud Beetle (12/99), Grape Leaffolder (12/99), Pseudococcus Mealybugs (7/00), Grape Phylloxera (12/99), Hoplia (12/99), Leadcable Borer (7/96), Leafhoppers (12/99), Omnivorous Leafroller (12/99), Orange Tortrix (7/00), Sharpshooters (7/00), Thrips (12/99), Vine Mealybug (7/00), Vinegar Flies (12/99), Webspinning Spider Mites (12/99), Western Grapeleaf Skeletonizer (12/99)
 Viticulture Environmental Protection Plan   Factsheets are available for:  Bacterial blight (222KB - PDF Format), Black rot (254KB - PDF Format), Black vine weevil (230KB - PDF Format), and Grape phylloxera (368KB - PDF Format).

Grape Phylloxera

Grape Phylloxera, Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet-Entomology, by Murdick J. McLeod and Roger N. Williams
Grape Phylloxera - UC Pest Management Guidelines
Grape Phylloxera: the world's worst grapevine pest
A growers' guide to choosing rootstocks - From the site: "A guide has been produced to provide growers with information to encourage them to include the strategic use of [phylloxera-tolerant] rootstocks in their vineyard development and management plans," from the Phylloxera and Grape Industry Board of South Australia.
A Guide to the Identification, Prevention and Control of Grape Phylloxera - A four page brochure containing 21 full colour images of phylloxera insects, symptoms and quarantine procedures with detailed explanations on the biology and behaviour of phylloxera, produced by the Department of Natural Resources and Environment in Victoria, Australia.
How to Monitor Rate of Spread of Phylloxera in Your Vineyard, by Bernadine C. Strik, Glenn Fisher, and Anne Connelly, Oregon State University 
Insect Pests of Grape in Ontario: Grape Phylloxera
Managing a Phylloxera-infested Vineyard, by Ed Hellman, Oregon State University
Maps of Phylloxera Management Zones in South Australia
Midwest Small Fruit Pest Management Handbook, Bulletin 861, Chpter 4 Grapes - Insects Attacking Grape Foliage
Phylloxera, by James R. Baker, Extension Entomologist, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service
Phylloxera and Grape Industry Board of South Australia - Phylloxera prevention is a major focus for the Phylloxera and Grape Industry Board. It works with regional committees in the Riverland, Limestone Coast and Central regions to encourage the adoption of phylloxera protocols and procedures in South Australian vineyards. It also provides resources such as vineyard signs and conducts extensive education programs to inform growers and other viticulture industry workers about protecting South Australia from phylloxera.
Phylloxera-resistant Rootstocks for Grapevines, by M. Carmo Candolfi-Vasconcelos, Oregon State University
Phylloxera: Strategies for Management in Oregon’s Vineyards, EC 1463 from Oregon State University Extension
Phylloxera: What is it?, by Bernadine Strik, Anne Connelly, and Glenn Fisher, Oregon State University
Reducing the Risk of Phylloxera Infestation, by Ed Hellman and Barney Watson, Oregon State University
Replanting Options for Establishing Phylloxera-resistant Vineyards, by Steven F. Price, Oregon State University
Sampling Vines to Confirm the Presence of Phylloxera, by Bernadine Strik and Glenn Fisher, Oregon State Universiy
Tips for Producing Phylloxera-resistant Grafted Vines, by Steven F. Price, Oregon State University

Diseases

MSU Resources:

Black Rot Infection Table, Michigan State University Extension
Common Diseases of the Grapevine in Michigan by Dr. D.C. Ramsdell, MSU Extension.
Grape Disease Management by Annemiek Schilder, Michigan State University. Presented at the New England Vegetable and Fruit Conference (NEVFC) 2003. (in .pdf format)
Grape Variety Disease Susceptibility Table, Michigan State University Extension
Phomopsis is Competing for Your Grapes, by Annemeik Schilder, Michigan State University Extension

Other Resources:

16 years of practical experience using mating disruption against Eupoecilia ambiguella and Lobesia botrana in vineyards of the Wuerttemberg region (Germany) by Walter K. Kast
Bitter Rot of Grape by Michael A. Ellis, Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet
Black Rot of Grapes by Ann Hazelrigg, University of Vermont Extension
Crown Gall of Grapes, by Jim Travis, Jo Rytter, Ken Hickey, Penn State Department of Plant Pathology
Downy Mildew of Grapes by Ann Hazelrigg, University of Vermont Extension
Glossary of Terms Relating to Plant Diseases, by the HortResearch, Marlborough Research Centre
Grape Black Rot by Michael A. Ellis, Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet
Grape Black Rot, by Paul C. Pecknold, Extension Plant Pathologist, Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service
Grape Black Rot Plant Diseases of Delaware University of Delaware, Cooperative Extension Plant Pathologist,
Grapevine Diseases in New Zealand, by R. Balasubramaniam - HortResearch, Marlborough Research Centre - A lage site describing over 25 grapevine diseases.
Grapevine fanleaf nepovirus from Plant Viruses Online
Growing Pierces's Disease Resistant Grapes in Central, South and East Texas, by George Ray McEachern, Larry Stein, and Jim Kamas
New York State Integrated Pest Management Fact Sheets for Grapes - Provides links to pages (in .pdf format) on the following grape diseases: Angular Leaf Scorch, Black Rot, Botrytis Bunch Rot & Blight, Crown Gall, Downy Mildew, Eutypa Dieback, Phomopsis Cane & Leaf Spot, Powdery Mildew
Pierce's Disease.org - News and research about Pierce's Disease
Pierce's Disease Research Symposium Proceedings, 2001-2007 - Every year the Pierce's Disease Control Program (PDCP) organizes a Pierce's Disease Research Symposium that focuses on Pierce's Disease and its vectors. The research progress reports that are submitted as a part of this symposium, are compiled into a book of Proceedings. Each individual submission to the Proceedings can be accessed electronically here, through the links on the side.
Pierce’s Disease in Arizona, by Stephen Menke, David Byrne, Erich Draeger, and Felisa Blackmer. In the 1999 Wine Grape Research Report, edited by Linda Nunan, and Michael W. Kilby. University of Arizona, College of Agriculture, and sponsored by the Arizona Wine Commission. November 1999. (in .pdf format)
Pierce's Disease Program Quarterly Newsletter, California Department of Food and Agriculture
Plant Resistance to Xylella fastidiosa [Pierce's disease]
Powdery Mildew of Grape by Michael A. Ellis, Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet
UC IPM: UC Management Guidelines Pests of Grapes: Diseases (section reviewed 12/99) - Guidelines are on the following: Armillaria Root Rot (Oak Root Fungus) (12/99), Bot Canker (12/99), Botrytis Bunch Rot (12/99), Crown Gall (12/97), Downy Mildew (7/00), Eutypa Dieback (12/99), Measles (Black Measles and Spanish Measles) (12/99), Phomopsis Cane and Leafspot (7/00), Pierce's Disease (7/00), Powdery Mildew (7/00), Summer Bunch Rot (Sour Rot) (7/96)
Viticulture Environmental Protection Plan Factsheets available for: Pierce's disease (600KB - PDF Format), Grapevine fanleaf virus (211KB - PDF Format), Bacterial blight (222KB - PDF Format), and Black rot (254KB - PDF Format)
Xylella fastidiosa Web Site [Pierce's disease], from A. H. Purcell, University of California, Berkeley.

IPM, Pesticides

MSU Resources:

Grape Fungicide Efficacy Table, Michigan State University Extension
How susceptable are grapes to 2,4-D, by Tom Zabadal, Michigan State University Extension
Grapes.msu.edu  Resources for an integrated approach to vineyard management - A multi-layered site (with links to weather sites, scouting, cultural practices, pest managemet, etc.) providing information on how to grow grapes following IPM recommendations. From Michigan State University Extension.
Selecting Vineyard Pesticides in Michigan, by Charles Edson, Jim Johnson, and Don Ramsdell, Michigan State University Extension
Think Twice Before Using 2,4-D, by Mark Longstroth, Michigan State University Extension

Other Resources:

Commercial Small Fruit & Grape Spray Guide
A Dairy Solution to Mildew Woes by Janet Raloff. Science News Online, Sept. 21, 2002; Vol. 162 No. 12
Disease and Insect Control Programs for Home Grown Fruit in Kentucky Including Organic Alternatives (in .pdf format)
Effects of Various Fungicide Programs on Powdery Mildew Control, Percent Berry Sugar, Yield, and Vine Vigor of 'Concord' Grapes in Ohio, by Michael A. Ellis, Laurence V. Madden, L. Lee Wilson, and Gregory R. Johns of Ohio State University Extension, in Fruit Crops: A Summary of Research 1998, Research Circular 299-99
Fruit Spray Schedules for the Homeowner, #G6010, University Extension, University of Missouri-Columbia, by Bruce A. Barrett, Michele R. Warmund and Patrick L. Byers
Midwest Small Fruit Pest Management Handbook Bulletin 861, edited by Richard C. Funt, Michael A. Ellis, Celeste Welty of Ohio State University [scroll down to Chapter 4 on Grapes]
Pest Management Guide for Wine Grapes in Oregon, EM 8413-E from Oregon State University (in .pdf format)
Preventing Herbicide Drift and Injury to Grapes, EM 8860 from Oregon State University Extension (in .pdf format)
Preventing Phenoxy Herbicide Damage to Grape Vineyards, EM 8737-E by E. Hellman and J. Fults, Oregon State University Extension (in .pdf format)
Southeast Regional Bunch Grape Integrated Management Guide (in .pdf format)
Virginia Cooperative Extension Pest Management Guide  [click on "Grapes"]

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