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Michigan State University

Graphic Possibilities: A Comics Research Guide: Bibliographies

Created by the Graphic Possibilities Research Group, College of Arts and Letters, Michigan State University

HOW TO USE THIS PAGE

Links to books

  • A Print link will lead you to the MSU library catalog, with the call number and location of a physical copy of the book.
  • An Online link will lead you to an ebook licensed for MSU users. MSUnet ID and password are required for access.

Links to articles

  • Article titles are linked to an open access journal if available, or to a database licensed for MSU users. MSUnet ID and password are required for access to the latter.

See the information on Accessing Materials on the Welcome page if you have questions about what materials are available to you.

"ACADEMIC RESOURCES" AT COMICSRESEARCH.ORG

ComicsResearch.org: Academic Resources

  • An extensive collection to links for comic book scholarship.

COMICS AND ADAPTION

Compiled by Justin Wigard, Department of English, Michigan State University

BOOKS, CHAPTERS, AND EDITED COLLECTIONS

Boschenhoff, Sandra Eva. Tall Tales in Comic Diction: From Literature to Graphic Fiction; An Intermedial Analysis of Comic Adaptations of Literary Texts. WVT Wiss. Verlag, 2013. Not held at MSU. Interlibrary loan may be possible.

Burke, Liam. The Comic Book Film Adaptation: Exploring Modern Hollywood's Leading Genre. Univ. Press of Mississippi, 2015. Print | Online.

DiPaolo, Marc. War, Politics and Superheroes: Ethics and Propaganda in Comics and Film. McFarland, 2014. Print | Online.

Flanagan, Martin, Andrew Livingstone, and Mike McKenny. The Marvel Studios Phenomenon: Inside a Transmedia Universe. Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2016. Print edition.

Gilmore, James N., and Matthias Stork, eds. Superhero Synergies: Comic Book Characters Go Digital. Rowman & Littlefield, 2014. Online edition.

Goggin, Joyce, and Dan Hassler-Forest, eds. The Rise And Reason Of Comics And Graphic Literature: Critical Essays On The Form. McFarland, 2014. Print edition.

Gordon, Ian, Mark Jancovich, and Matthew P. McAllister, eds. Film and Comic Books. University. Press of Mississippi, 2007. Print edition.

Grant, Barry K, and Scott Henderson. Comics and Pop Culture: Adaptation from Panel to Frame, 2019. Print edition.

Gray II, Richard J., and Betty Kaklamanidou, eds. The 21st Century Superhero: Essays On Gender, Genre And Globalization In Film. McFarland, 2011. Print edition.

Guigar, Brad, et al. How to Make Webcomics. Image, 2008. Print edition.

Hofstede, David. Hollywood and the Comics: Film Adaptations of Comic Books & Strips. U.S.: Zanne-3, 1991. Print edition.

Hutcheon, Linda with Siobhan O’Flynn. A Theory of Adaptation. Routledge, 2012. Online edition.

Jenkins, Henry. Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. New York: New York University Press, 2006. Print | Online.

McEniry, Matthew J., Robert Moses Peaslee, and Robert G. Weiner, eds. Marvel Comics Into Film: Essays On Adaptations Since The 1940s. McFarland, 2016. Print edition.

Mitaine, Benoît, David Roche, and Isabelle Schmitt-Pitiot, eds. Comics and Adaptation. University Press of Mississippi, 2018. Print edition.

Morton, Drew. Panel to the Screen: Style, American Film, and Comic Books During the Blockbuster Era. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2017. Print edition.

Pearson, Roberta E, and William Uricchio. The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media. London: BFI Publishing, 1991. Print edition.

Pratt, Henry John. "Making Comics into Film." The Art Of Comics: A Philosophical Approach. Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. Print | Online.

Pratt, Henry John. “Comics and Adaptation.” Bramlett, Frank, Roy Cook, and Aaron Meskin, eds. The Routledge Companion to Comics. Routledge, 2017. Print edition.

Tabachnick, Stephen E., and Esther Bendit Saltzman, eds. Drawn From The Classics: Essays On Graphic Adaptations Of Literary Works. McFarland, 2015. Print edition.

Wandtke, Terrence R. The Amazing Transforming Superhero!: Essays on the Revision of Characters in Comic Books, Film and Television. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland & Co, 2007. Print edition.

SPECIAL JOURNAL ISSUES

Special issue: “Comics Adaptations of Literary Works.” European Comic Art 6.1 (2013).

Special issue: “Comics and Adaptation." Edited by Armelle Blin-Rolland, Guillaume Lecomte, and Marc Ripley. European Comic Art 10.1 (2017).

COMICS AND THE CITY

Compiled by Julian Chambliss, Department of English, Michigan State University

ARTICLES

Bealer, Tracy L. “‘The Man Called Lucas’: Luke Cage, Mass Incarceration, and the Stigma of Black Criminality.” Inks: The Journal of the Comics Studies Society 1, no. 2 (2017): 165–85.

Dittmer, Jason. “Comic Book Visualities: A Methodological Manifesto on Geography, Montage and Narration.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 35, no. 2 (April 2010): 222–36.

Lund, Martin. “Every Day Is 9/11!’: Re-Constructing Ground Zero in Three US Comics.” Journal of Urban Cultural Studies 4, no. 1–2 (March 1, 2017).

Meyer, Christina. “Urban America in the Newspaper Comic Strips of the Nineteenth Century: Introducing the Yellow Kid.” ImageText: Interdisciplinary Comics Studies, January 18, 2019.

Peterle, Giada. “Comic Book Cartographies: A Cartocentred Reading of City of Glass, the Graphic Novel.” Cultural Geographies 24, no. 1 (April 22, 2016): 43-68.

Urso, Agostino. “City and Comics. The Sequential Design as a Key to Understanding the Contemporary City.” Disegnare Con 7, no. 13 (May 1, 2014): 1–10.

Worcester, Kent. “New York City, 9/11, and Comics.” Radical History Review 2011, no. 111 (January 1, 2011): 139–54.

BOOKS

Ahrens, Jörn, and Arno Meteling. Comics and the City Urban Space in Print, Picture, and Sequence. New York: Continuum, 2010. Print edition.

Chambliss, Julian C., and William Svitavsky. “The Origin of the Superhero: Culture, Race, and Identity in US Popular Culture, 1890-1940.” In Ages of Heroes, Eras of Men: Superheroes and the American Experience, 6–27. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2013. Print | Online.

Chute, Hillary. “Why Cities?” In Why Comics?: From Underground to Everywhere, 1st ed., 175–206. New York, NY: Harper, 2017. Print edition.

Fraser, Benjamin. Visible Cities, Global Comics: Urban Images and Spatial Form. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2019. Print edition.

Gordon, Ian. Comic Strips and Consumer Culture, 1890-1945. Smithsonian Institution Press, 2002. Print edition.

Hatfield, Charles. Alternative Comics: An Emerging Literature. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2005. Print | Online.

Hatfield, Charles, Jeet Heer, and Kent Worcester, eds. The Superhero Reader. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2013. Print | Online.

Heer, Jeet, and Kent Worcester, eds. A Comics Studies Reader. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2008. Print | Online.

Jaye, Michael C. Literature and the Urban Experience: Essays on the City and Literature. New Brunswick, N.J: Rutgers University Press, 1981. Print edition.

Rosenberg, Robin S., and Peter Coogan, eds. What Is a Superhero? New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. Print edition.

Reynolds, Richard. Super Heroes: A Modern Mythology. London: B.T. Batsford, 1992 | Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1994

COMICS AND DIGITAL HUMANITIES

Compiled by Justin Wigard, Department of English, Michigan State University

ARTICLES & SPECIAL ISSUES

Kirtz, Jaime Lee. "Computers, Comics and Cult Status: A Forensics of Digital Graphic Novels." DHQ: Digital Humanities Quarterly 8.3 (2014).

“Special Collection: Poetics of Digital Comics [set of six articles] The Comics Grid: Journal of Comics Scholarship, 28 Sept. 2017.

“Special Issue: 'Comics as Scholarship'.” Edited by Roger Whitson and Anastasia Salter, DHQ: Digital Humanities Quarterly, 9.4, 2015.

"Digital Comics [Theme Week]” on In Media Res. Organized by Roger Whitsun. Feb. 20-24, 2012.

Walsh, John A. "Comic Book Markup Language: An Introduction and Rationale." DHQ: Digital Humanities Quarterly 6.1 (2012).

BOOKS

Guigar, Brad, et al. How to Make Webcomics. Image, 2008. Print edition.

Dunst, Alexander, Jochen Laubrock, and Janina Wildfeuer, eds. Empirical Comics Research: Digital, Multimodal, and Cognitive Methods. Routledge, 2018. On order for MSU Library.

Helms, Jason. Rhizcomics: Rhetoric, Technology, and New Media Composition. Digital monograph from the University of Michigan Press and Sweetland Digital Rhetoric Collaborative, February 24, 2017. Open access edition.

Kashtan, Aaron. Between Pen and Pixel: Comics, Materiality, and the Book of the Future. The Ohio State University Press, 2018. Print edition.

DIGITAL PROJECTS

A. Dunst, R. Hartel and J. Laubrock, "The Graphic Narrative Corpus (GNC): Design, Annotation, and Analysis for the Digital Humanities," 2017 14th IAPR International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition (ICDAR), Kyoto, 2017.

Douglass, Jeremy, et al. “Exploring One Million Manga Pages with Supercomputers and HIPerSpace.” Cultural Analytics Lab, 2010.

COMICS IN TRANSLATION / COMICS AND TRANSLATION

Compiled by Lynn Wolff, Department of Linguistics & Germanic, Slavic, Asian and African Languages, Michigan State University

Graphic Narratives Network

ARTICLES

de Assis, Érico Gonçalves, “The Concept of Fidelity in Comics Translation.” In: TranscUlturAl 8.2 (2016): 8-23.

Bartosch, Sebastian and Andreas Stuhlmann, “Reconsidering Adaptation as Translation. The Comic in Between.” In: Studies in Comics 4.1 (2013): 59–74.

Borodo, Michał, “Multimodality, Translation and Comics.” In: Perspectives 23.1 (2015): 22–41.

Douglass, Jeremy, William Huber and Lev Manovich, “Understanding Scanlation. How to Read One Million Fan-Translated Manga Pages.” In: Image [&] Narrative 12.1 (2011): 190–227.

Grun, Maria and Cay Dollerup, “‘Loss’ and ‘Gain’ in Comics.” In: Perspectives. Studies in Translatology 11 (2003): 197–216.

Harvey, Keith, “A Descriptive Framework for Compensation.” In: The Translator 1 (1995): 65–86. (Not available online through MSU.)

Kaindl, Klaus, “Thump, Whizz, Poom. A Framework for the Study of Comics under Translation.” In: Target 11 (1999): 263–288.

---, Übersetzungswissenschaft im interdisziplinären Dialog. Am Beispiel der Comicübersetzung. (Studien zur Translation, 16.) Vienna: Stauffenburg, 2004. (Not available online through MSU.)

Lee, Wood-hung and Yomei Shaw, “A Textual Comparison of Japanese and Chinese Editions of Manga. Translation as Cultural Hybridization.” In: International Journal of Comic Art 8.2 (2006): 34–55.

BOOKS & CHAPTERS

Brienza, Casey E. Manga in America. Transnational Book Publishing and the Domestication of Japanese Comics. New York: Bloomsbury, 2016. Print edition.

Groensteen, Thierry, “An Exercise of Translation.” In: Thierry Groensteen, The System of Comics. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2007, pp. 134–141. Print | Online.

Evans, Jonathan, “Comics and Translation.” In: Frank Bramlett, Roy T. Cook, and Aaron Meskin. The Routledge Companion to Comics. 2017, pp. 319–327. Print edition.

Groß, Florian, “Lost in Translation. Narratives of Transcultural Displacement in the Wordless Graphic Novel.” In: Transnational Perspectives on Graphic Narratives. Comics at the Crossroads. Ed. Shane Denson, Christina Meyer and Daniel Stein. New York: Bloomsbury, 2013, pp. 197–210. Print | Online.

Kreil, Aymon, “Qahera Here and There: Navigating Contexts in the Translation of a Muslim Egyptian Superheroine.” In: A. David Lewis and Martin Lund (Ed.): Muslim Superheroes. Comics, Islam, and Representation. (Mizan, 1.) Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2017, pp. 187–207. Print edition.

Mälzer, Nathalie (Ed.), Comics – Übersetzungen und Adaptionen. (TRANSÜD, 76.) Berlin: Frank & Timme, 2015. Print | Online.

BrienzaRichter, Steffi, “‘Trans’ and ‘Inter’. An Attempt at Definition.” In: Manhwa, Manga, Manhua. East Asian Comics Studies. Ed. Jacqueline Berndt. (Leipziger Ostasien-Studien, 14.) Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag, 2012, pp. 117–129. Not held at MSU. Interlibrary loan may be possible.

Rota, Valerio, “Aspects of Adaptation. The Translation of Comics Formats.” In: Comics in Translation. Ed. Federico Zanettin. Manchester: St. Jerome, 2008. Print edition.Scott, Randall W. European Comics in English Translation: A Descriptive Sourcebook. McFarland & Co, 2002. Print edition.

Zanettin, Federico, ed. Comics in Translation. Manchester: St. Jerome, 2008. Print edition.

---, “Comics in Translation. An Annotated Bibliography.” In: Comics in Translation. Ed. Federico Zanettin. Manchester: St. Jerome, 2008, pp. 270–306. Print edition.

---, “Comics in Translation. An Overview.” In: Comics in Translation. Ed. Federico Zanettin. Manchester: St. Jerome, 2008, pp. 1–32. Print edition.

Zecca, Federico, “Comics in (Intersemiotic) Translation.” In: Cinema e fumetto. Cinema and comics. Ed. Leonardo Quaresima, Laura Ester Sangalli and Federico Zecca. Udine: Forum Edizioni, 2009, pp. 77–81. Not held at MSU. Interlibrary loan may be possible.

Zitawi, Jehan Ibrahim, The Translation of Disney Comics in the Arab World. A Pragmatic Perspective. PhD (Thesis), University of Manchester, School of Languages, Linguistics and Cultures 2004. Online edition.

DISABILITY AND COMICS

Compiled by the MSU Department of English Hives Research Workshop.

Disability in Comics

Diamond, Aidan Dubhain. "'I Pledge You!' Disability, Monstrosity, and Sacrifice in Wytches." Studies in Comics, December 2017, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 171-185. This paper does good work outlining some theories on the ways in which disability has been encoded as a generator of social horror and societal panic. Address the ways in which Wytches “subtly and compellingly re-inscrib[es] the freaked body not only as a heroic body but as a wondrous one, and argues fiercely against the long-standing social equation of difference and innate evil.”

Honeyman, Susan. "Pain Proxies, Migraine, and Invisible Disability in Renée French's H Day." Studies in Comics, 2014, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 293-318. This paper addresses the ways in which invisible disability (migraines) are rendered visible and approachable for both abled and disabled readers. It thinks through the magnitude of internal pain (something often disparaged or downplayed) and through historic movement of pain from the embodiment of the character feeling it to an animal companion.

Lipenga, K.J., 2019. The New Normal: Enfreakment in Saga. The Comics Grid: Journal of Comics Scholarship, 9(1), p.2. The only article in Comics Grid to use the tag “disability.” Article works along theoretical lines to push against ideas of the “norm” and “normative” expectations. Largely focused on social representation through analysis of Saga.

Comics from a Disability Perspective - Articles

Birge, Sarah. "No Life Lessons Here: Comics, Autism, and Empathetic Scholarship." Disability Studies Quarterly, vol. 30, no. 1 (2010). This article examines two recent comics that portray individuals with autism: The Ride Together by Paul and Judy Karasik and Circling Normal, a compilation of the comic strip Clear Blue Water by Karen Montague-Reyes. The article addresses ways in which comics offer new ways to engage with and speculate on autism--particularly in ways to write and draw against the grain of traditional scripts of disability.

Christopher, Brandon. "Rethinking Comics and Visuality, from the Audio Daredevil to Philipp Meyer's Life." Disability Studies Quarterly, vol. 38, no. 3 (2018). As a way to re-think comics, this article addresses comics where the visual is de-privileged in favor of audio or tactile interaction. The article speculates on the possibilities and potentials of non-visual comics.

Germaine, Alison E. "Disability and Depression in Thor Comic Books." Disability Studies Quarterly, vol. 36, no. 3 (2016). Representation-focused article that articulates the ways in which comics are increasing reaching out to cognitively disabled communities. Calls for increased representation of disability in comics, citing it as means by which experience can be reflected.

Ratto, Casey M. "Not Superhero Accessible: The Temporal Stickiness of Disability in Superhero Comics." Disability Studies Quarterly, vol. 37, no. 2 (2017). Focuses on The Killing Joke, Hawkeye (2012) and Uncanny X-Men to argue that disability requires a visual cue in comics to prevent being cured or retconned away. The ease with which disability can be erased creates a “very narrow spectrum of disability based on visible appearance that in turn mirrors the perception of the freak.”

Comics from a Disability Perspective - Books

Alaniz, José. Death, Disability, and the Superhero: The Silver Age and Beyond. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2014. Print | Online. This text works with critical disability theory elements, such as concepts of “Narrative Prosthesis” and refutations/complications of the “supercrip.” This book addresses the steady increase in vulnerabilities in superheroes between 1950-1990.

Foss, Chris, Jonathan W. Gray, and Zach Whalen, eds. Disability in Comic Books and Graphic Narratives. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. Print edition. Reviewed as one of the more intersectional works between disability studies and comic studies, this text draws from authors in both fields.

DIVERSITY IN COMICS PRODUCTION

Compiled by Zack Kruse, Department of English, Michigan State University

BOOKS

Abate, Michelle Ann. Funny Girls: Guffaws, Guts, and Gender in Classic American Comics. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2019. Print edition.

Aldama, Frederick Luis, editor. Graphic Indigeneity: Comics in the Americas and Australasia. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2020. Print edition.

---. Latinx Comic Book Storytelling: An Odyssey by Interview. San Diego: ¡Hyperbole Books!, 2016. Print edition.

---. Your Brain on Latino Comics: From Gus Arriola to Los Bros Hernandez. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2009. Print | Online.

Aldama, Frederick Luis, et al., editors. Multicultural Comics: From Zap to Blue Beetle. Austin: University Of Texas Press, 2011. Print | Online.

Amash, Jim, and Eric Nolen-Weathington, editors. Matt Baker: The Art of Glamour. Raleigh: TwoMorrows, 2012. Print edition.

Arrant, Chris. Cliff Chiang 2013 (Modern Masters, vol. 29) Raleigh: TwoMorrows, 2014. Print edition.

Bechdel, Alison, and Martin, Rachel R., ed. Alison Bechdel (Conversations with Comic Artists series.) Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2018. Print edition.

Brown, Jeffrey A. Black Superheroes, Milestone Comics, and Their Fans. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2005. Print | Online.

Fradon, Ramona, and Howard V. Chaykin. The Art of Ramona Fradon. Mt. Laurel: Dynamite Entertainment, 2013. On order for MSU Library.

Gateward, Frances K., and John Jennings, editors. The Blacker the Ink: Constructions of Black Identity in Comics and Sequential Art. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2015. Print | Online.

Goldstein, Nancy. Jackie Ormes: The First African American Woman Cartoonist. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2008. Print edition.

Hama, Larry, and Christopher Irving, ed. Larry Hama (Conversations with Comic Artists series). Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2019. Print edition.

Jackson, Tim. Pioneering Cartoonists of Color. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2016. Print | Online.

Kennedy, Martha Hoeprich. Drawn to Purpose: American Women Illustrators and Cartoonists. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2018. Print edition.

L'Hoeste, Héctor D. Fernández. Lalo Alcaraz: Political Cartooning in the Latino Community. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2019. Print edition.

Nolen-Weathington, Eric. Frank Cho (Modern Masters, vol 14). Raleigh: TwoMorrows, 2010. Print edition.

---. George Pérez (Modern Masters, vol. 2). Raleigh: TwoMorrows Pub., 2007. Print edition.

---. Kyle Baker (Modern Masters, vol 20). Raleigh: TwoMorrows, 2009. Print edition.

---. José Luis García-López (Modern Masters, vol. 5). Raleigh: TwoMorrows, 2005. Print edition.

Robbins, Trina. From Girls to Grrrlz: A History of Comics from Teens to Zines. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1999. Print edition

---. Great Women Cartoonists. New York: Watson-Guptill, 2002. Print edition.

---. Pretty in Ink: American Women Cartoonists, 1896-2013. Seattle: Fantagraphics, 2013. Print edition.

Stantos, Jorge J. Graphic Memories of the Civil Rights Movement: Reframing History in Comics. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2019. Print edition.

Takamoto, Iwao, and Michael Mallory. Iwao Takamoto: My Life with a Thousand Characters. Jackson: Univesity Press of Mississippi, 2009. Online edition.

Tisserand, Michael. Krazy: George Herriman, a Life in Black and White. New York: Harper, 2016 Print edition.

Utell, Janine. The Comics of Alison Bechdel: From the Outside In. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2020. Print edition.

Washington, Donna-lyn, ed. John Jennings (Conversations with Comic Artists series). Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2020. Print edition.

GENDER AND COMICS

Compiled by Anaria Rambus, Department of Political Science, and Lynn Wolff, Department of Linguistics & Germanic, Slavic, Asian and African Languages, Michigan State University

BOOKS

Abate, Michelle Ann. Funny Girls: Guffaws, Guts, and Gender in Classic American Comics. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2019. Print edition.

Arjana, Sophia R. Veiled Superheroes: Islam, Feminism, and Popular Culture. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books, 2018.Print edition.

Banhold, Lars, Pink Kryptonite: Das Coming-out der Superhelden. (Comiqheft / Comiqbook, 2) Bochum: Ch.A. Bachmann, 2012. [Not held at MSU; purchase requested August 2020.]

Berlatsky, Noah. Wonder Woman: Bondage and Feminism in the Marston/Peter Comics, 1941–1948. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2015. Print edition.

Brown, Jeffrey A. Dangerous Curves: Action Heroines, Gender, Fetishism, and Popular Culture. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2011. Print | Online.

Chute, Hillary L. Graphic Women: Life Narrative and Contemporary Comics. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010. Print | Online through Ebrary | Online through eBook Academic.

Cocca, Carolyn. Superwomen: Gender, Power, and Representation. New York: Bloomsbury, 2016. Print edition.

Deman, J. Andrew. The Margins of Comics: The Construction of Women, Minorities, and the Geek in Graphic Narrative. Toronto, Canada: Nuada Press, 2015. Print edition.

Lepore, Jill. The Secret History of Wonder Woman. New York: Knopf, 2014. Print edition.

Robinson, Lillian S. Wonder Women: Feminisms and Superheroes. London, New York: Routledge, 2004. Print | Online.

Sina, Véronique. Comic – Film – Gender: Zur (Re-)Medialisierung von Geschlecht im Comicfilm. (Edition Medienwissenschaft) Bielefeld: Transcript, 2016. Print edition.

COMICS/ZINES BY MSU STUDENTS

Bayrakdarian, Christina. Identity Crisis: Pick a Side. [East Lansing, MI]: Christina Bayrakdarian, 2019. Print edition.

Harris-Hardy, Jayla. Power Struggle: An Examination of Race, Gender, and Power. [East Lansing, MI]: Jayla Harris-Hardy, 2019. Print edition.

EDITED VOLUMES

Gender and the Superhero Narrative, ed. Michael Goodrum, Tara Prescott, and Philip Smith. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2018. Print edition.

Gender Issue of Image [&] Narrative, ed. Heike Jüngst, 2002.

The Inking Woman: 250 Years of Women Cartoon and Comic Artists in Britain, ed. Nicola Streeten and Cath Tate. Oxford: Myriad Edition, 2018. Print edition.

Monstrous Women in Comics, ed. Samantha Langsdale and Elizabeth Rae Coody. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2020. Print edition.

Performativity, Cultural Construction, and the Graphic Narrative, ed. Leigh Anne Howard and Susanna Hoeness-Krupsaw. London; New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, 2020. Print edition.

The Routledge Companion to Gender and Sexuality in Comic Book Studies, ed. Frederick Luis Aldama. (Routledge Companions to Gender) London; New York: Routledge, 2020. [Not held at MSU; purchase requested August 2020.]

Superheroes and Identities, ed. Mel Gibson, David Huxley and Joan Ormrod. London: Routledge, 2015. Print edition.

The Woman Fantastic in Contemporary American Media Culture, ed. Elyce Rae Helford, Shiloh Carroll, Sarah Gray, and Michael R. Howard II. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2016. Print edition.

ARTICLES & BOOK CHAPTERS

Alaniz, José. “Masculinity and the Superhero in Post-Soviet Russian Comics.” International Journal of Comic Art, vol. 11, no. 1, 2009, pp. 396–425.

Allison, Anne. “Sailor Moon: Japanese Superheroes for Global Girls.” In: Japan Pop! Inside the World of Japanese Popular Culture, ed. Timothy J. Craig. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 2000, S. 259–278. Print edition.

Austin, Shannon. “Batman’s Female Foes: The Gender War in Gotham City.” Journal of Popular Culture, vol. 48, no. 2, 2015, pp. 285–295.

Beckmann, Anna, Anastasia Blinzov, Olaf Braun, and Christan Tischer. “de_konstruierte Identität: Aushandlungen von gender in der Hure h von Anke Feuchtenberger und Kathrin de Vries.” In: Comics an der Grenze. Sub/Versionen von Form und Inhalt, ed. Matthias Harbeck, Linda-Rabea Heyden, and Marie Schröer. Berlin: Ch.A. Bachmann, 2017. Print edition.

Billard, Thomas J. and Brian L. MacAuley. “‘It’s a Bird! It’s a Plane! It’s a Transgender Superhero!’: Transgender Characters in Marvel, DC, and Image Comics.” In: Heroes, Heroines, and Everything in Between: Challenging Gender and Sexuality Stereotypes in Children’s Entertainment Media, ed. CarrieLynn D. Reinhard and Christopher J. Olson. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington, 2017. Print edition.

Blanch, Christina. “What Do Comic Books Teach Us About Gender Attitudes?” Forbes January 23, 2013.

Brod, Harry. “Of Mice and Supermen: Images of Jewish Masculinity.” In: Gender and Judaism: The Transformation of Tradition, ed. Tamar M. Rudavsky. New York; London: New York University Press, 1995, pp. 279–293. Print edition.

Chavez, Deborah. “Perpetuation of Gender Inequality: Content Analysis of Comic Strips.” Sex Roles vol. 13, no. 1–2, 1985, pp. 93–101.

Gueydan-Turek, Alexandra. “Cute Girls, Tough Boys: Performing Gender in Algerian Manga.” European Comic Art, vol. 7, no. 1, 2014, pp. 85–111.

Hammond, Joyce D. “Gender Inversion Cartoons and Feminism.” Journal of Popular Culture, vol. 24, no. 4, 1991, pp. 145–160.

Isaki, Bianca. “Gendered Visions of Graphic Fiction: Adrian Tomine’s Summer Blonde.ImageTexT, vol. 2, no. 1, 2005.

Kaur, Raminder and Saif Eqbal. “Gendering Graphics in Indian Superhero Comic Books and Some Notes for Provincializing Cultural Studies.” Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies, vol. 12, no. 4, 2015, pp. 367–396.

Kirkpatrick, Ellen and Scott, Suzanne. “Representation and Diversity in Comic Studies.” Cinema Journal, vol. 55, no. 1, 2015, 120–124.

Kirkpatrick, Ellen. “TransFormers: ‘Identity’ Compromised.” Cinema Journal, vol. 55, no. 1, 2015, pp. 124–133.  

Kornfield, Sarah. “Cross-cultural Cross-dressing: Japanese Graphic Novels Perform Gender in U.S.” Critical Studies in Media Communication, vol. 28, no. 3, 2011, pp. 213–229.

Kupczyńska, Kalina. Gendern Comics, wenn sie erzählen? Über einige Aspekte der Gender-Narratologie und ihre Anwendung in der Comic-Analyse. In: Bild ist Text ist Bild: Narration und Ästhetik in der Graphic Novel, ed. Susanne Hochreiter and Ursula Klingenböck. Bielefeld: Transcript, 2014, pp. 213–232. Print edition.

Laity, Kathryn A. “Roses, Beads and Bones: Gender, Borders and Slippage in Tove Jansson’s Moomin Comic-Strips.” In: Tove Jansson Rediscovered, ed. Kate McLoughlin and Malin Lidström Brock. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2007, pp. 166–183. [Not held by MSU; purchase requested August 2020.]

LaRossa, Ralph et al. “Gender Disparities in Mother’s Day and Father’s Day Comic Strips. A 55 Year History.Sex Roles, vol. 44, 2001, pp. 693–718.

McGrath, Karen. “Gender, Race, and Latina Identity: An Examination of Marvel Comics’ Amazing Fantasy and Araña.” Atlantic Journal of Communication, vol. 15, no. 4, 2007, pp. 268–283,

Montresor, Jaye Berman. “Comic Strip-Tease: A Revealing Look at Women Cartoon Artists.” In: Look Who’s Laughing: Gender and Comedy, ed. Gail Finney (Studies in Humor and Gender, 1) Langhorne [etc.]: Gordon and Breach, 1994, pp. 335–347. [Not held by MSU; purchase requested August 2020.]

Murphy, Katherine J. (2016). “Analyzing Female Gender Roles in Marvel Comics from the Silver Age (1960) to the Present.” Discussions, vol.12, no. 2, 2016

Nixon, Mark. "Narrating Women in Comics." Gender & Language, vol. 8, no.2, 2014, pp. 269-279. [MSU does not subscribe to this journal. Request article through interlibrary loan.]

Nyberg, Amy Kiste. “Comic Books and Women Readers: Trespassers in Masculine Territory?” In: Gender in Popular Culture: Images of Men and Women in Literature, Visual Media and Material Culture, ed. Peter C. Rollins and Susan W. Rollins. Cleveland: Ridgemont Press, 1995, pp. 205–226. Print edition.

Ōgi, Fusami. “Gender Insubordination in Japanese Comics (Manga) for Girls.” In: Illustrating Asia: Comics, Humor Magazines and Picture Books, ed. John A. Lent. (ConsumAsiaN) Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2001, pp. 171–186. Print edition.

Robbins, Trina. “Gender Differences in Comics.Image [&] Narrative, 4. Gender Issue, ed. Heike Jüngst 2002.

Sherzer, Dina. “Claire Bretécher: Queen of BD.” Journal of Popular Culture, vol. 14, no. 3, 1980, pp. 394–404.

Stoll, Jeremy. “A Domestic Schizophrenia: Gender and Political Cartoons in the Middle East.” International Journal of Comic Art, vol. 12, no. 1, 2010, pp. 302–322.

Thompson, Teresa and Eugenia Zerbinos. “Gender Roles in Animated Cartoons: Has the Picture Changed in 20 Years?” Sex Roles, vol. 32, no. 9/10, 1995, pp. 651–673.

Whitwood, Jennie. “The Changing Role of Women in Comic Books.” Den of Geek November 10, 2011.

ONLINE RESOURCES AND WEBSITES

GenderComics. 

Women in Comics.

Choy, Nicole. “Analysis of the Female Presence in the Male-Dominated Comic Book Industry.” Chapman University Honors Papers and Posters, 2017

Shendruk, Amanda, “Analyzing the Gender Representation of 34,476 Comic Book Characters.” The Pudding (July 2017)

GRAPHIC MEDICINE

Compiled by Julian Chambliss, MSU Department of English, from recommendations by Matthew Noe

Branscum, P., Sharma, M., Wang, L. L., Wilson, B. R., & Rojas-Guyler, L. (2013). A true challenge for any superhero: an evaluation of a comic book obesity prevention program. Family & Community Health, 36(1), 63–76.

Cohn, N., & Paczynski, M. (2013). Prediction, events, and the advantage of agents: the processing of semantic roles in visual narrative. Cognitive Psychology, 67(3), 73–97.

Consumer Health Comics: Captain Fit. (2015). Consumer Connections, 31(3), 4.

Czerwiec, M., & Huang, M. N. (2014). Hospice Comics: Representations of Patient and Family Experience of Illess and Death in Graphic Novels. The Journal of Medical Humanities.

Czerwiec, M. K., Pincavage, A., & Arora, V. M. (2015). Annals graphic medicine: Mr. S changes doctors. Annals of Internal Medicine, 162(11), 127. https://doi.org/10.7326/G14-0008

Dobbins, S. (2016). Comics in public health: the sociocultural and cognitive influence of narrative on health behaviours. Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics, 7(1), 35–52.

Farthing, A., & Priego, E. (2016). Data from ‘Graphic Medicine’ as a Mental Health Information Resource: Insights from Comics Producers. Open Health Data, 4(1), e3.

George, D. R., & Green, M. J. (2015). Lessons Learned From Comics Produced by Medical Students: Art of Darkness. JAMA, 314(22), 2345–2346.

Glazer, S. (2015). Graphic medicine: comics turn a critical eye on health care. The Hastings Center Report, 45(3), 15–19. 

Green, M. J. (2013). Teaching with comics: a course for fourth-year medical students. The Journal of Medical Humanities, 34(4), 471–476.

Green, M. J. (2015). Comics and medicine: peering into the process of professional identity formation. Academic Medicine, 90(6), 774–779.

Green, M. J., & Myers, K. R. (2010). Graphic medicine: use of comics in medical education and patient care. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 340, c863.

Green, M. J., & Rieck, R. (2015). Annals graphic medicine: Betty P. Annals of Internal Medicine, 162(7), 74.

Green, M. J., & Squier, S. M. (2017). Graphic Medicine: The Best of 2017. JAMA, 318(23), 2280–2281.

Jones, J. W. (2013). Cartoons and AIDS: safer sex, HIV, and AIDS in Ralf Konig’s comics. Journal of Homosexuality, 60(8), 1096–1116.

Joshi, A., Hillwig-Garcia, J., Joshi, M., & Haidet, P. (2015). Using comics for pre-class preparation. Medical Education, 49(11), 1141–1142.

Katz, M. L., Oldach, B. R., Goodwin, J., Reiter, P. L., Ruffin 4th, M. T., & Paskett, E. D. (2014). Development and initial feedback about a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine comic book for adolescents. Journal of Cancer Education, 29(2), 318–324.

Liou, K. T., Jamorabo, D. S., Dollase, R. H., Dumenco, L., Schiffman, F. J., & Baruch, J. M. (2016). Playing in the “Gutter”: Cultivating Creativity in Medical Education and Practice. Academic Medicine, 91(3), 322–327.

McAdam, A. J. (2018). Total Laboratory Automation in Clinical Microbiology: a Micro-Comic Strip. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 56(4), 18. Print 2018 Apr.

McMullin, J. (2016). Cancer and the Comics: Graphic Narratives and Biolegitimate Lives Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 30(2), 149-167.

McNicol, S. (2014). Humanising illness: presenting health information in educational comics. Medical Humanities, 40(1), 49–55.

McNicol, Sarah. (2017). The potential of educational comics as a health information medium. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 34(1), 20–31.

Montgomery, M., Manuelito, B., Nass, C., Chock, T., & Buchwald, D. (2012). The Native Comic Book Project: native youth making comics and healthy decisions. Journal of Cancer Education, 27(1 Suppl), 41.

Montoya, R. (2015). Annals Graphic Medicine: Sign Out. Annals of Internal Medicine, 163(7), 141.

Mukhopadhyay, A. (2015). Annals Graphic Medicine: Doctor and Patient. Annals of Internal Medicine, 163(5), 140–0001.

Ohyama, S., Yokota, C., Miyashita, F., Amano, T., Inoue, Y., Shigehatake, Y., … Minematsu, K. (2015). Effective Education Materials to Advance Stroke Awareness Without Teacher Participation in Junior High School Students. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 24(11), 2533–2538.

Pincavage, A. T., Lee, W. W., Venable, L. R., Prochaska, M., Staisiunas, D. D., Beiting, K. J., … Arora, V. M. (2015). “Ms. B changes doctors”: using a comic and patient transition packet to engineer patient-oriented clinic handoffs (EPOCH). Journal of General Internal Medicine, 30(2), 257–260.

Putnam, G. L., & Yanagisako, K. L. (1985). Skin cancer comic book: evaluation of a public educational vehicle. The Journal of Audiovisual Media in Medicine, 8(1), 22–25. Not available online from MSU; print edition only.

Rosenzweig, S. (2015). Annals Graphic Medicine: Mom’s Flock. Annals of Internal Medicine, 163(3), 135.

Rosenzweig, S., & Freeman, A. (2015). Annals Graphic Medicine: The Last Ride of Mo Rosenzweig. Annals of Internal Medicine, 163(11), 146. https://doi.org/10.7326/G15-0005

Rosenzweig, S., Freeman, A., & Hopkins, T. (2015). Annals graphic medicine: 50 shades of gray matter. Annals of Internal Medicine, 162(9), 0006.

Schwerdtle, B., Kanis, J., Kahl, L., Kubler, A., & Schlarb, A. A. (2012). Children’s Sleep Comic: development of a new diagnostic tool for children with sleep disorders. Nature and Science of Sleep, 4, 97–102.

Schwerdtle, B., Kanis, J., Kubler, A., & Schlarb, A. A. (2016). The Children’s Sleep Comic: Psychometrics of a Self-rating Instrument for Childhood Insomnia. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 47(1), 53–63.

Shaw, A. (2009). Women on women: lesbian identity, lesbian community, and lesbian comics. Journal of Lesbian Studies, 13(1), 88–97.

Shurkin, J. (2015). Science and Culture: Cartoons to better communicate science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(38), 11741–11742.

Sinha, I., Patel, A., Kim, F. S., Maccorkle, M. L., & Watkins, J. F. (2011). Comic books can educate children about burn safety in developing countries. Journal of Burn Care & Research, 32(4), 112.

Spiegel, A. N., McQuillan, J., Halpin, P., Matuk, C., & Diamond, J. (2013). Engaging Teenagers with Science Through Comics. Research in Science Education, 43(6), x.

Squier, S. M. (2008). So long as they grow out of it: comics, the discourse of developmental normalcy, and disability. The Journal of Medical Humanities, 29(2), 71–88.

Squier, S. M. (2015). Graphic medicine in the university. The Hastings Center Report, 45(3), 19–22. 

Swanson, J. G. (2016). Annals Graphic Medicine: Atrial Flutter. Annals of Internal Medicine, 164(3), 11.

Towey, F. (2014). Conference: Comics and medicine. The Lancet.Oncology, 15(9), 927–928.

Tuohy, P., & Eannarino, J. (2018). Reading graphic medicine at the National Library of Medicine. Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA, 106(3).

Vaccarella, M. (2013). Exploring graphic pathographies in the medical humanities. Medical Humanities, 39(1), 70–71.

Williams, I. (2011). Autography as auto-therapy: psychic pain and the graphic memoir. The Journal of Medical Humanities, 32(4), 353–366.

Williams, I. C. (2012). Graphic medicine: comics as medical narrative. Medical Humanities, 38(1), 21–27.

Williams, Ian. (n.d.). Why "Graphic Medicine"? (Vol. 2017). Retrieved from http://www.graphicmedicine.org/why-graphic-medicine/

Yu, C. H., & Man, J. H. (2015). Annals Graphic Medicine: The Daily Grind: A Day in the Life of Someone Living With Diabetes. Annals of Internal Medicine, 163(9), 0002.

Yu, C. H., & Man, J. H. (2016a). Annals Graphic Medicine: Not the Needle! A Day in the Life of Someone Living With Diabetes. Annals of Internal Medicine, 164(5), 0015.

NATIONALISM AND COMICS

Compiled by Zack Kruse, Department of English, Michigan State University

BOOKS AND CHAPTERS

Babic, Annessa Ann. Comics as History, Comics as Literature: Roles of the Comic Book in Scholarship, Society, and Entertainment. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2014. Print | Online.

Burke, Liam, et al., eds. The Superhero Symbol: Media, Culture, and Politics. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2020. Print edition.

Campbell, Bruce. ¡Viva La Historieta!: Mexican Comics, NAFTA, and the Politics of Globalization. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2009. Print edition.

Chambliss, Julian C., et al., editors. Ages of Heroes, Eras of Men: Superheroes and the American Experience. Newcastle upon Tyne, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014. Print | Online.

Costello, Brannon, and Qiana J. Whitted, editors. Comics and the U.S. South. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2012. Print | Online.

Dittmer, Jason. Captain America and the Nationalist Superhero: Metaphors, Narratives, and Geopolitics. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2013. Print edition.

Earle, Harriet E. H. Comics, Trauma, and the New Art of War. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2017. Print edition.

Flynn, Kate. "The love of Nationalism, Internationalism and Sacred Space in Watchmen." Sexual Ideology in the Works of Alan Moore: Critical Essays on the Graphic Novels, edited by Todd A. Comer and Joseph Michael Sommers, Jefferson: McFarland & Company, 2012. Print edition.

Howell, Jennifer. Algerian War in French-language Comics: Postcolonial Memory, History, and Subjectivity. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2015. Print | Online.

Jewett, Robert. Captain America and the Crusade against Evil: The Dilemma of Zealous Nationalism. Grand Rapids: W.B. Eerdmans, 2003. Print edition.

---. The Captain America Complex: The Dilemma of Zealous Nationalism. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1973. Print edition.

Knapp, Trischa Goodnow, and James J. Kimble, eds. The 10 Cent War: Comic Books, Propaganda, and World War II. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2016. Print edition.

Landau, Paul Stuart, and Deborah Kaspin, eds. Images and Empires: Visuality in Colonial and Postcolonial Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002. Print | Online.

Macwilliams, Mark Wheeler, and Frederik L. Schodt, eds. Japanese Visual Culture: Explorations in the World of Manga and Anime. London: Routledge, 2015. Online through ebrary | Online through other platforms.

McKinney, Mark, editor. History and Politics in French-language Comics and Graphic Novels. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2008. Print | Online from Alexander Street | Online from Ebook Central.

Regalado, Aldo J. Bending Steel: Modernity and the American Superhero. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2018. Print | Online.

Round, Julia. "Graphic Black Nationalism: Visualizing Political Narratives in the Graphic Novel." In The Rise and Reason of Comics and Graphic Literature: Critical Essays on the Form, edited by Joyce Goggin and Dan Hassler-Forest, Jefferson: McFarland, 2010. Print edition.

Soper, Kerry D. Garry Trudeau: Doonesbury and the Aesthetics of Satire. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2008. Print edition.

QUEER COMICS

Compiled by Julian Chambliss, Department of English, Michigan State University

Articles

Abate, Michelle Ann, Karly Marie Grice, and Christine N. Stamper, “Introduction: ‘Suffering Sappho!’: Lesbian Content and Queer Female Characters in Comics,” Journal of Lesbian Studies 22, no. 4 (October 2, 2018): 329–35.

Cremins, Brian. “Bodies, Transfigurations, and Bloodlust in Edie Fake’s Graphic Novel Gaylord Phoenix.” Journal of Medical Humanities, 34.2 (June 2013).

Galvan, Margaret. “Making Space: Jennifer Camper, LGBTQ Anthologies, and Queer Comics Communities.” Journal of Lesbian Studies 22.4 (2017).

Gilroy, Andréa. “The Epistemology of the Phone Booth: The Superheroic Identity and Queer Theory in Batwoman: Elegy.” ImageTexT 8.1 (2015).

Howard, Yetta. “Politically Incorrect, Visually Incorrect: Bitchy Butch’s Unapologetic Discrepancies in Lesbian Identity and Comic Art.” Journal of Popular Culture 45.1 (February 2012).

Petrovic, Paul. “Queer Resistance, Gender Performance, and ‘Coming Out’ of the Panel Borders in Greg Rucka and J. H. Williams III’s Batwoman: Elegy.” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 2.1 (2011).

Scott, Darieck, and Ramzi Fawaz; “Introduction: Queer about Comics.” American Literature 1 June 2018; 90 (2): 197–219.

Shamsavari, Sina. “Gay Ghetto Comics and the Alternative Gay Comics of Robert Kirby.” Queer Studies in Media and Popular Culture 2.1 (March 2017).

Books and chapters

Chute, Hillary. “Why Queer?” in Why Comics? From Underground to Everywhere. New York: Harper, 2017. Print edition.

Fawaz, Ramzi. The New Mutants: Superheroes and the Radical Imagination of American Comics. New York: New York University Press, 2016. Print | Online.

Hall, Justin. “Erotic Comics.” In The Routledge Companion to Comics, ed. Frank Bramlett, Roy T. Cook, and Aaron Meskin. New York: Routledge, 2016. Print edition.

Risner, Jonathan . “‘Authentic’ Latino/as and Queer Characters in Mainstream and Alternative Comics.” In Multicultural Comics: From Zap to Blue Beetle, edited by Frederick Luis Aldama. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010. Print | Online.

Scott, Darieck. “Big Black Beauty: Drawing and Naming the Black Male Figure in Superhero and Gay Porn Comics.” In Porn Archives, edited by Tim Dean, Steven Ruszczycky, and David Squires. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2014. Print edition.

RACE AND COMICS

Compiled by Julian Chambliss, Department of English, Michigan State University

ARTICLES

Alexander, Torin Dru. “Africana Religion, Black Panther, and the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU).” Journal of Pan African Studies 11 (August 1, 2018).

Carrington, André. “Crossover, Convergence, and the Cultural Politics of Black Comics.” Black Perspectives, blog of the African American Intellectual History Society. December 6, 2016.

Chaney, Michael A. “Drawing on History in Recent African American Graphic Novels.” MELUS 32, no. 3 (Fall 2007): 175–200.

Cunningham, Phillip Lamarr. “The Absence of Black Supervillains in Mainstream Comics.” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 1, no. 1 (June 10, 2010): 51–62.

Fawaz, Ramzi. “‘Where No X-Man Has Gone Before!’ Mutant Superheroes and the Cultural Politics of Popular Fantasy in Postwar America.” American Literature 83, no. 2 (June 2011): 355–88.

Gavaler, Chris. “The Imperial Superhero.” PS, Political Science & Politics 47, no. 1 (January 2014): 108–11.

Hayes, David. “Rethinking Ebony White: Race and Representation in Will Eisner’s The Spirit.” The Journal of Popular Culture 48, no. 2 (2015): 296–312.

Lendrum, Rob. “The Super Black Macho, One Baaad Mutha: Black Superhero Masculinity in 1970s Mainstream Comic Books.” Extrapolation (Pre-2012) 46, no. 3 (Fall 2005): 360-372.

Linderman, Jim. “Jay Jackson: African-American Illustrator and Cartoonist.” ArtSlant, August 8, 2014. Also posted on Dull Tool, Dim Bulb blog.

McGrath, Karen. “Gender, Race, and Latina Identity: An Examination of Marvel Comics’ Amazing Fantasy and Araña.” Atlantic Journal of Communication 15, no. 4 (December 2007): 268–83.

Nama, Adilifu. “Brave Black Worlds: Black Superheroes as Science Fiction Ciphers.” African Identities 7, no. 2 (May 1, 2009): 133–44.

Posada, Tim. “Afrofuturism, Power, and Marvel Comics’s Black Panther.” The Journal of Popular Culture 52, no. 3 (2019): 625–44.

Rivera, Lysa. “Appropriate(d) Cyborgs: Diasporic Identities in Dwayne McDuffie’s ‘Deathlok’ Comic Book Series.” MELUS 32, no. 3 (Fall 2007): 103–27.

Wanzo, Rebecca. “Wearing Hero-Face: Black Citizens and Melancholic Patriotism in Truth: Red, White, and Black.” Journal of Popular Culture 42, no. 2 (April 2009): 339–62.

Whitted, Qiana. “‘And the Negro Thinks in Hieroglyphics’: Comics, Visual Metonymy, and the Spectacle of Blackness.” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 5, no. 1 (January 2, 2014): 79–100.

BOOKS

Berlatsky, Noah, and Frederick Luis Aldama. Unstable Masks: Whiteness and American Superhero Comics. Edited by Sean Guynes and Martin Lund. 1 edition. Ohio State University Press, 2020. Print edition.

Brown, Jeffrey A. Black Superheroes, Milestone Comics, and Their Fans. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2000. Print | Online.

The Blacker the Ink: Constructions of Black Identity in Comics and Sequential Art. Edited by Professor Frances Gateward and John Jennings. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2015. Print | Online.

Goldstein, Nancy. Jackie Ormes: The First African American Woman Cartoonist. 1st edition. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2008. Print edition.

Howard, Sheena C., ed. Black Comics: Politics Of Race And Representation. London ; New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2013. Print | Online.

Kopano, B. Soul Thieves: The Appropriation and Misrepresentation of African American Popular Culture. Edited by T. Brown. 2014 edition. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. Print edition.

Nama, Adilifu. Super Black: American Pop Culture and Black Superheroes. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2011. Print | Online.

Whaley, Deborah Elizabeth. Black Women in Sequence: Re-Inking Comics, Graphic Novels, and Anime. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2015. Print | Online.

Whitted, Qiana. EC Comics: Race, Shock, and Social Protest. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2019. Print edition.

Wright, Bradford W. Comic Book Nation: The Transformation of Youth Culture in America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. First edition, 2001 | Revised edition, 2003.

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