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Michigan State University

DEI Resources: Race


Anti-racism/Anti-oppression: an active and consistent process of change to eliminate individual, institutional and systemic racism as well as the oppression and injustice racism causes.

Cultural Racism: Those aspects of society that overtly and covertly attribute value and normality to white people and Whiteness, and devalue, stereotype and label People of Color (PoC) as "other", different, less than, or render them invisible.

Institutional Racism: The network of institutional structures, policies, and practices, that create advantages and benefits Whites, and discrimination, oppression, and disadvantage for people from targeted racial group.

Race: There is no such thing as race – instead, it is a “social construct.” This means that society forms ideas of race based on geographic, historical, political, economic, social and cultural factors, as well as physical traits, even though none of these can legitimately be used to classify groups of people.

Racialization: the process by which societies construct races as real, different and unequal in ways that matter and affect economic, political and social life.

Racial profiling: any action that relies on stereotypes about race, color, ethnicity, ancestry, religion or place of origin, or a combination of these, rather than on a reasonable suspicion to single out a person for greater scrutiny or different treatment.

Racism: a belief a system in which one race maintains supremacy over another race through a set of attitudes, behaviors, social structures, and institutional power. 

Barbara Love, 1994. Understanding Internalized Oppression.

Jen Fry. The Anti-Racist Manual for Students.

Ontario Human Rights Commission. Glossary of human rights terms.

The History of Race and Racism in America


Daily Life

Histories of People of Color in America

On Anti-Racism

On Whiteness

Michigan State University