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Energy and the Environment: Carbon Trading

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Carbon trading

An Annotated Bibliography for Selected Publications on Carbon Neutal Carbon Trading and Carbon Offsets : Compiled by the Sergio Vieira De Mello UN Library in celebration of the World Environment Day 2008.

BioCarbon Fund : The poorest farmers and rural communities across the developing world will earn income from land management practices that keep the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere under a new $100 million carbon fund launched by the World Bank. The BioCarbon Fund is a public/private partnership that will finance the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions through improved land management practices. As added benefits soil fertility and crop yield may increase, non-timber forest products can add to local livelihoods, and biodiversity is maintained. The BioCarbon Fund will focus on projects that would not happen without the incentive provided by carbon finance. A recent World Bank study found that only 13 percent of all direct private sector carbon emission reduction dollars go to the developing world, a situation the fund's participants hope to change. The BioCarbon Fund will complement the two other World Bank managed carbon funds - the flagship Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF), and the Community Development Carbon Fund (CDCF).

Building Bridges: State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets 2010 : This fourth annual “State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets” report is designed to give a market‐wide perspective on trading volumes, credit prices, project types, locations, and the motivations of buyers in this market. Findings are based on data voluntarily reported by 200 offset suppliers, as well as exchanges and registries. Because of the challenges of inventorying and obtaining data from this disaggregated marketplace, numbers presented should be considered conservative.

Chicago Climate Exchange : Voluntary program for trading credits for greenhouse gas emissions. Participating companies are issued tradable emission allowances. Emitting firms commit to a phased reduction schedule of 5 percent below 1999 levels by 2005.

Climate Neutral Network : Non-profits that helps companies, communities and individuals achieve a net zero impact on the earth's climate. Climate-Cool certified products, services & enterprises. 

State of the Voluntary Carbon Markets 2009 : This report was created to answer fundamental questions about the voluntary carbon markets such as transaction volumes, credit prices, project types, locations, and the motivations of buyers in this market. Over the past several years, these markets have not only become an opportunity for citizen consumer action, but also an alternative source of carbon finance and an incubator for carbon market innovation. As the voluntary carbon markets have rapidly gained traction, the answers, to these questions have become increasingly important to investors, policymakers, and environmentalists alike. For example, since the last edition of this report, we have seen various U.S. climate bills make reference to voluntary carbon offset standards, the Japanese government launch a voluntary carbon-offsetting scheme, and the U.K. government issue an official definition of “carbon neutral.”