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Types of Plagiarism
- Verbatim copying without using quotation marks
- Not using in-text or reference list citations to attribute quotations to the original author
- Paraphrasing or summarizing other works without using in-text or reference list citations to attribute the paraphrased material to the original author
- Quoting and paraphrasing a large portion of others' works without adding critical analysis; no new contribution to knowledge
- Making errors in the reference citations so that the original source of information cannot be checked
- Using fictitious references so that your project appears to be well-researched
- Buying or paying someone to write a paper, or submitting someone else's writing as your own
A PowerPoint Message from the Graduate School
At Michigan State University, it is the student's responsibility to understand and comply with academic integrity standards. MSU's academic integrity policies are available through the Office of the University Ombudsperson.
Suppose you want to add information to your paper from an article you found at the MSU Libraries. Here are some examples of proper and improper paraphrasing, and general advice about avoiding plagiarism in academic writing.