Skip to Main Content
Michigan State University

Nursing Literature Reviews

Step by step guide on how to conduct a literature review.

Introduction to a PRISMA Table

PRISMA stands for Preferred Reporting Instrument for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis. It is intended to show the research process from search to abstract review to full text selection. Those reading an article should pay attention to inclusion and exclusion criteria, and how authors determined articles for inclusion in their final research.

From the PRISMA website: "PRISMA is an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. PRISMA focuses on the reporting of reviews evaluating randomized trials, but can also be used as a basis for reporting systematic reviews of other types of research, particularly evaluations of interventions."

PRISMA Flow Diagram (PDF and downloadable Word doc)

Introduction to PRISMA Tables

Examples of PRISMA Tables


Folkestad, T., Brurberg, K.G., Nordhuus, K.M. et al. Acute kidney injury in burn patients admitted to the intensive care unit: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Crit Care 24, 2 (2020).




Goldberg JI, Schulman-Green D, Hernandez M, Nelson JE, Capezuti E. Self-Management Interventions for Psychological Distress in Adult Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review. West J Nurs Res. 2019 Oct;41(10):1407-1422. doi: 10.1177/0193945919845104. Epub 2019 Apr 21. PMID: 31007160.