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Michigan State University

Guidelines for Creating Systematic & Advanced Evidence Synthesis Reviews

Introduction

Systematic and advanced reviews are methodologies used to craft comprehensive literature reviews that often also involve quality assessment and additional synthesis measures. They are done in many fields including health sciences, education, and social sciences. This guide was originally created for a health sciences audience but includes information applicable to all disciplines because although the databases and grey literature searched differ between disciplines, the methodology of completing the reviews and gathering evidence is the same.

Attribution, Acknowledgement, Authorship

Since a systematic review (and evidence synthesis projects of other types) is a large, challenging, and time consuming undertaking, utilizing the expertise of an information professional requires attribution of their role. Here is outlined levels of attribution dependent on level of involvement from the librarian.

Librarian Involvement

Attribution

Design search, execute search, compile citations, create search strategy appendix, write methods section

Co-Authorship

Design search, execute search, compile citations

Acknowledgement, but depending on comprehensiveness, co-authorship may be appropriate

Designing simple search strategy for researcher to augment themselves

Acknowledgement

Reviewing existing search strategy

Acknowledgement appreciated, but not required

 

Health Sciences Librarians

Michigan State University